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BACKGROUND To compare peripapillary choroidal thickness measurements between normal and normal-tension glaucoma eyes. METHODS Cross-sectional comparative study. 50 normal and 52 normal-tension glaucoma subjects were enrolled in the study. Peripapillary choroidal thickness was measured with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and enhanced depth(More)
We provide a design framework for hop-by-hop congestion control algorithms in wireless mesh networks. Mesh networks are becoming increasingly popular and standardization process for development of IEEE 802.11 based mesh networks is an ongoing effort (in 802.11 Task Group S). However, by use of an existing CSMA/CA MAC in such networks, application sources(More)
This paper proposes a Multi-hop Radio Access Cellular (MRAC) scheme for achieving both high-speed/high-capacity and good area coverage in fourth generation mobile communications systems. In this scheme, we assume two kinds of hop stations, one is a dedicated repeater station installed at a good propagation location such as a rooftop, and the other is a user(More)
BACKGROUND Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) involves the risk of transurethral resection (TUR) syndrome owing to hyponatremia. Irrigation fluid type, duration of operation, and weight of resected mass have been evaluated as risk factors for TUR syndrome. The purpose of the present study was to identify risk factors related to TUR syndrome in(More)
BACKGROUND Macular holes (MHs) are one of the complications of posterior uveitis that can significantly disturb vision. Conventional MH surgery (vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling, and gas tamponade) has been reported to show lower closure rates in patients with MHs secondary to uveitis than in patients with idiopathic MHs. Recently, the(More)
INTRODUCTION Benign metastasizing leiomyoma in the lung is a very rare disease characterized by the growth of uterine leiomyoma tissue. In most cases there is a previous history of hysterectomy for uterine leiomyoma. CASE PRESENTATION A 50-year-old Asian woman underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy for uterine leiomyoma at the age of 37 years old. She(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the relationship between preoperative estimated prostate weight on ultrasonography and clinical manifestations of transurethral resection (TUR) syndrome. METHODS The records of patients who underwent TUR of the prostate under regional anesthesia over a 6-year period were retrospectively reviewed. TUR syndrome is(More)