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The heme compound found in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from bloodstains, which is regarded as a major inhibitor of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), was characterized in comparison with alkaline and acid hematin, histidine and ammonia hemochromogens, and globin and serum albumin hemochromogens digested by proteinase K. Alkaline and acid hematin(More)
Dentatorubral and pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder associated with the expansion of a CAG repeat at chromosome band 12p13. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an increased prevalence of DRPLA in Japan, although several DRPLA kindreds of non-Japanese ancestry have been identified. To define the(More)
We have identified morphine and codeine in human urine by means of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was also used to quantitate the two alkaloids and tetrahydropapaveroline (THP) in urine of both normal subjects and parkinsonian subjects receiving L-dopa therapy. The morphine, codeine and THP levels in healthy(More)
Vegetamin is an antipsychotic agent composed of phenobarbital, promethazine and chlorpromazine. While phenobarbital can be detected by the Triage kit for screening drugs of abuse, the other two components cannot. We describe here the detection of promethazine and chlorpromazine using either a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) unit equipped with(More)
Potential bioactivated neurotoxicants, 2-N-methyl-beta-carbolinium and 2,9-N,N'-dimethyl-beta-carbolinium ions, as well as N-methylation activities which form these charged species, were analyzed for the first time in the parietal association cortex and the substantia nigra of human brain using GC/MS and HPLC. The brains were taken during forensic autopsies(More)
Purification methods of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from degraded and contaminated forensic samples were investigated for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. DNA extracted from putrefied tissue or bloodstains sometimes contained the copurified contaminant, that was identified as the porphyrin compound (hematin). When contaminated but less degraded DNA(More)
Sex determination by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the X-Y homologous amelogenin gene is highly reliable since the detection of an X-specific amplified fragment validates the procedure. Previously, we reported that 250 ng of template DNA are required for sex determination by this method. We report here a refinement of the technique to include(More)
Scalp electroencephalograms (EEGs) of brain dead patients are macroscopically flat under 7 or 10 microV/mm electroencephalograph sensitivity, but significant noises are detected in EEGs under 2 microV/mm sensitivity, interfering with the analysis. EEGs of 20 brain dead patients (17-76 years old) were therefore analyzed quantitatively as equivalent electric(More)