Atsushi Akane

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The heme compound found in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from bloodstains, which is regarded as a major inhibitor of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), was characterized in comparison with alkaline and acid hematin, histidine and ammonia hemochromogens, and globin and serum albumin hemochromogens digested by proteinase K. Alkaline and acid hematin(More)
Potential bioactivated neurotoxicants, 2-N-methyl-beta-carbolinium and 2,9-N,N'-dimethyl-beta-carbolinium ions, as well as N-methylation activities which form these charged species, were analyzed for the first time in the parietal association cortex and the substantia nigra of human brain using GC/MS and HPLC. The brains were taken during forensic autopsies(More)
Sex determination by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the X-Y homologous amelogenin gene is highly reliable since the detection of an X-specific amplified fragment validates the procedure. Previously, we reported that 250 ng of template DNA are required for sex determination by this method. We report here a refinement of the technique to include(More)
Sex identification of forensic samples (bloodstains and decomposed tissue) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was investigated. Amplification of a segment of the amelogenin gene using a pair of primers revealed both Y- and X-specific bands at the same time. The gene has counterparts in both the X and Y chromosomes and a small deletion in the former made it(More)
Dentatorubral and pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder associated with the expansion of a CAG repeat at chromosome band 12p13. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an increased prevalence of DRPLA in Japan, although several DRPLA kindreds of non-Japanese ancestry have been identified. To define the(More)
Using primers designed by Lee and Chang, 200 base-pair (bp) fragment of ABO locus was amplified by PCR, which spans the site of the single nucleotide deletion associated with O allele. O allele could be identified by Kpn I digestion of the PCR product as reported. A and B alleles were also distinguishable by Mae II digestion of the product. Thus restriction(More)
The effects of ethanol and NAD+ on the pregnenolone-to-testosterone pathway of testicular steroidogenesis in lysed Leydig cell preparations were investigated. Testosterone and four precursor steroids were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry after incubation of the cell preparations with 100 microM of pregnenolone and appropriate(More)
We have identified morphine and codeine in human urine by means of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was also used to quantitate the two alkaloids and tetrahydropapaveroline (THP) in urine of both normal subjects and parkinsonian subjects receiving L-dopa therapy. The morphine, codeine and THP levels in healthy(More)
The determination of petroleum fuel in the blood of burned bodies was carried out by three different gas chromatographic procedures. Seven components of gasoline (isopentane, n-pentane, 2-methylpentane, benzene, 2-methylhexane, 3-methylhexane and toluene) and five of kerosene (xylene, C9H20, mesitylene, pseudocumene and C11H24) were chosen as indicators(More)
Purification methods of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from degraded and contaminated forensic samples were investigated for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. DNA extracted from putrefied tissue or bloodstains sometimes contained the copurified contaminant, that was identified as the porphyrin compound (hematin). When contaminated but less degraded DNA(More)