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We investigated the changes in the enzyme activity and immunoreactivity of calcineurin in the rat hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia. Immediately after 20-min transient forebrain ischemia, calcineurin activity decreased to about 40% of the control in the CA1 region and to about 55% in other regions. Protein phosphatase 2A activity showed no(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine developmental change in expression of striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP) in the postnatal striatum of rats. For this purpose, immunohistochemical staining and transimmunoblotting analyses were carried out using a cDNA-generated polyclonal antibody to the STEP with a molecular weight of 46 kDa.(More)
Synaptic mechanisms underlying ketamine anesthesia were studied using in vitro preparations of the lamprey CNS. Although lampreys are one of the most primitive vertebrates, the synaptic physiology and pharmacology are similar to those in the higher vertebrates. Axonal conduction, transmitter release from the presynaptic terminal, postsynaptic response to(More)
Attachments of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic and normal C57BL mice to the following substrates were evaluated in vitro: a) poly L-lysine (PL), b) PL + type I collagen (CL-I), c) PL + type IV collagen (CL-IV), d) PL + laminin (LM) and e) PL + fibronectin (FN). After 6 h in culture, there was no significant(More)
The topological distribution of mouse cadherin-8 protein in the neonatal and adult mouse brain was studied immunohistochemically using a rabbit antiserum. Cadherin-8 expression was restricted to several areas in neonatal brains constituting particular neural circuits, i.e. the limbic system, the basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit, and the cerebellum and(More)
We investigated the neurotoxicity evoked by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor stimulation in the organotypic static slice cultures of rat cerebral cortices. We also examined whether the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor agonist muscimol has a protective effect on the NMDA-mediated neurotoxicity in this culture system. NMDA-mediated cytotoxicity(More)
Mechanisms of organization of the striatal compartments are poorly understood, although involvement of cell adhesion molecules in the compartmentalization has been suggested. Cadherin-8 distribution in the neonatal rat striatum was immunohistochemically studied using a rabbit anti-cadherin-8 antiserum. Intensity of cadherin-8 immunolabeling in the striatum(More)
Hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) are released from the bone marrow to the circulation by the cytokine, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, via sympathetic nervous system (SNS)-mediated osteoblast suppression. Because the orientation of HSPCs in their osteoblastic niche is reported to be guided by [Ca(2+)], we speculated on a cooperation(More)