Atsuo Miyagishima

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The zeta potentials of adriamycin-encapsulating liposomes containing 1-(monomethoxy polyethyleneglycol)-2,3-dimyristoylglycerol (PEG-DMG) were measured in an isotonic solution of 10mM lactate buffer (pH 4.0) with sodium chloride and sucrose. The negativity of the zeta potentials of adriamycin-encapsulating liposomes containing PEG-DMG decreased with(More)
We studied the effects of theanine, a component of green tea leaves, on the antitumor activity of adriamycin (ADR) from the biochemical modulation view point. In vitro, theanine inhibited the ADR efflux from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells and maintained the ADR concentration in tumor cells. Theanine enhanced the inhibitory effect of ADR on tumor growth by(More)
Polyethyleneglycol (PEG) has often been used for the modification of liposomes, but it is difficult to insert PEG on the surface of liposomes, and the effects of modification are not marked enough. In this study, we examined the fixed aqueous layer thickness (FALT) of single or mixed PEG (molecular weight, 340, 500, 900, 2000)-modified doxorubicin (DOX)(More)
We describe a method for determining incorporated amounts of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-derivatized lipids in liposomes for the physicochemical characterization of PEG-coated liposomes. This method is based on the spectrophotometric determination of complexes of polyethers with sodium ions after their extraction as picrates into 1,2-dichloroethane,(More)
The purpose of the present study was to design and evaluate a novel wax matrix system containing various ratios of aminoalkyl methacrylate copolymer E (AMCE) and ethylcellulose (EC) as functional polymers in order to achieve the optimal acetaminophen (APAP) release rate for taste masking. A two factor, three level (3(2)) full factorial study design was used(More)
Design methods of nanoparticle formulations are divided into a break-down method and a build-up method. Furthermore, the former is further divided into dry and wet processes. For drug nanoparticle preparations, the wet process is generally employed, and organic solvents are used in most formulations. In this study, we investigated the preparation of(More)
Tissue distribution, antitumor activity and side effects after intraperitoneal administration of polyethyleneglycol-coated liposomes containing adriamycin (PEG-LADR) were examined and compared to that after intravenous treatment. Plain liposomes (PLADR) and PEG-LADR appeared to maintain blood circulation by intraperitoneal injection and suggested usefulness(More)
Nifedipine (NI) is a poorly water-soluble drug and its oral bioavailability is very low. To improve the water solubility, NI-lipid nanoparticle suspensions were prepared by a combination of co-grinding by a roll mill and high-pressure homogenization without any organic solvent. The mean particle size and zeta potential of the NI-lipid nanoparticle(More)
To improve the solubility of poorly water-soluble drugs, we studied physical characteristics of griseofulvin (GF) solid dispersions with saccharides as the dispersion carrier using a roll mixing method. In all carriers tested, roll mixtures of GF and saccharides gradually became amorphous, and the solubility of GF increased. The solubility of GF was higher(More)
It has been reported that tablets of clarithromycin (CAM), a 14-membered macrolide antibiotic, are especially stable under low pH conditions such as in gastric fluid, and showed excellent antibacterial efficiency even though CAM molecules themselves are rapidly decomposed. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the stabilization mechanism of CAM tablets under low(More)