Atsuo Kikuchi

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Moyamoya disease (MMD) shows progressive cerebral angiopathy characterized by bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis and abnormal collateral vessels. Although ∼15% of MMD cases are familial, the MMD gene(s) remain unknown. A genome-wide association study of 785 720 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was performed, comparing 72 Japanese MMD patients(More)
Neural tube defects (NTDs), including spina bifida and anencephaly, are common birth defects of the central nervous system. The complex multigenic causation of human NTDs, together with the large number of possible candidate genes, has hampered efforts to delineate their molecular basis. Function of folate one-carbon metabolism (FOCM) has been implicated as(More)
OBJECTIVE GABRA1 mutations have been identified in patients with familial juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, sporadic childhood absence epilepsy, and idiopathic familial generalized epilepsy. In addition, de novo GABRA1 mutations were recently reported in a patient with infantile spasms and four patients with Dravet syndrome. Those reports suggest that GABRA1(More)
Mutations in NKX2-1 cause neurological, pulmonary, and thyroid hormone impairment. Recently, the disease was named brain-lung-thyroid syndrome. Here, we report three patients with brain-lung-thyroid syndrome. All patients were unable to walk until 24 months of age, and still have a staggering gait, without mental retardation. They have also had(More)
The recent findings on subtraction ictal SPECT and ictal near-infrared spectroscopic topography in patients with West syndrome were summarized and its availability for presurgical evaluation was discussed. The subtraction ictal SPECT study in patients with West syndrome demonstrated the cortical epileptic region and subcortical involvement, which may(More)
West syndrome, which is narrowly defined as infantile spasms that occur in clusters and hypsarrhythmia on EEG, is the most common early-onset epileptic encephalopathy (EOEE). Patients with West syndrome may have clear etiologies, including perinatal events, infections, gross chromosomal abnormalities, or cases followed by other EOEEs. However, the genetic(More)
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology. Recent genome-wide and locus-specific association studies identified RNF213 as an important MMD susceptibility gene. However, the exact mechanism by which an abnormality in RNF213 leads to MMD is unknown. To evaluate the role of RNF213 in the etiology of MMD, we(More)
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic occlusive cerebrovascular disease with unknown etiology that is characterized by the development of abnormal vascular networks at the base of the brain. Recent genome-wide studies identified RNF213 as an important MMD susceptibility gene. However, the exact mechanism by which the RNF213 abnormality leads to MMD remains(More)
OBJECT Intraoperative diagnosis is important in determining the strategies during surgery for glioma. Because the mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) genes have diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive values, the authors assessed the feasibility and significance of a simplified method for the intraoperative detection of IDH1 and(More)
Citrin deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the SLC25A13 gene and has two disease outcomes: adult-onset type II citrullinemia and neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency. The clinical appearance of these diseases is variable, ranging from almost no symptoms to coma, brain edema, and severe liver failure.(More)