Atsuo Itakura

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship between frozen-thawed single blastocyst transfer (BT) and maternal and neonatal outcomes of pregnancy. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Japanese nationwide registry of assisted reproductive technology (ART) with mandatory reporting for all ART clinics in Japan. PATIENT(S) Registered from 2008 through 2010(More)
The reduced migration/invasion of extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) is a key feature of the genesis of preeclampsia. We and others previously reported that transcriptional factors activator protein-2 (AP-2) alpha and AP-2gamma act as suppressors of tumor invasion. The present study examined the expressions of AP-2alpha and AP-2gamma in preeclamptic placenta(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to investigate hepatocyte growth factor levels in maternal serum and amniotic fluid during pregnancy. We also demonstrated production and secretion of hepatocyte growth factor by placenta and amnion at different stages of gestation. STUDY DESIGN Hepatocyte growth factor levels in maternal serum (n = 219), cord blood(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a bioactive peptide of the renin-angiotensin system, exerting its actions not only as a vasoconstrictor, but also as a growth promoter. In human placenta, type 1 Ang II receptors (AT(1)R) are predominantly expressed in trophoblasts, and we previously reported that aminopeptidase A (APA), a cell surface peptidase that converts Ang(More)
We recently identified two novel aminopeptidases, placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP) and adipocyte-derived leucine aminopeptidase (A-LAP). Enzymatically, P-LAP degrades oxytocin, vasopressin, and angiotensin III, while A-LAP degrades angiotensin II and kallidin. In this study we investigated the expression and localization of P-LAP and A-LAP in human(More)
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was measured in 28 samples of amniotic fluid, 1 of fetal urine and 5 of first neonatal urine. The mean level of HGF was 12.4 +/- 4.5 ng/ml (second trimester) and 10.5 +/- 6.6 ng/ml (third trimester). These values were extremely high compared to that in plasma from normal subjects and greater than the plasma levels from(More)
In addition to the neural and autoregulatory factors, blood pressure (BP) is regulated by humoral factors including vasoactive peptides. When evaluating the peptide actions, degradation by proteases should be also considered in addition to the generation of peptides and their receptors. This review describes the roles of aminopeptidase A, placental leucine(More)
Cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL), the principal ischemic brain injury in premature infants, is characterized by necrosis of the white matter in the periventricular region and the major neuropathology for spastic motor deficits in cerebral palsy or epilepsy. Recent reports strongly suggest that the brain injury associated with cPVL may have already(More)
Lipid peroxides and their related free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of placental dysfunction in preeclampsia. Recent studies suggest that the placenta is a source of the increased lipid peroxides in the maternal circulation of women with preeclampsia. We examined intracellular localization of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE: a major aldehydic(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the applicability of maternal serum placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP) as a parameter for predicting preterm delivery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Maternal serum P-LAP activity of 61 consecutive women with preterm labor at admission were assayed and examined to assess the relationship of levels to the incidence of preterm and term(More)