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UNLABELLED In 1995, the Japan Diabetes Society (JDS) appointed the Committee for the Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus. The Committee presented a final report in May 1999 in Japanese. This is the English version with minor modifications for readers outside Japan. CONCEPT OF DIABETES MELLITUS Diabetes mellitus represents a group of diseases(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, several genes have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes by genome-wide association studies in white populations. To further investigate the involvement of these polymorphisms in conferring susceptibility to type 2 diabetes, we examined the association of 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within 11(More)
In 1999, the Japan Diabetes Society (JDS) launched the previous version of the diagnostic criteria of diabetes mellitus, in which JDS took initiative in adopting glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) as an adjunct to the diagnosis of diabetes. In contrast, in 2009 the International Expert Committee composed of the members of the American Diabetes Association (ADA)(More)
1 The present investigation was undertaken to characterize the Na(+)/K(+) pump current in small (<or=25 microm in soma diameter) dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons isolated from lumbar L4-6 segments of adult rats. 2. The Na(+)/K(+) pump current was identified as an ouabain-sensitive current during square voltage steps to membrane potentials between +40 and(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is the most common peripheral neuropathy in western countries. Although every effort has been made to clarify the pathogenic mechanism of diabetic neuropathy, thereby devising its ideal therapeutic drugs, neither convinced hypotheses nor unequivocally effective drugs have been established. In view of the pathologic basis for the(More)
Metabolic syndrome has been reported to be associated with chronic kidney disease, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Although feeding of a high-fat diet (HFD) to C57BL/6 mice is reported to induce systemic metabolic abnormalities and subsequent renal injuries, such as albuminuria, similar to human metabolic syndrome, alterations in HFD-induced renal(More)
The responsiveness of thyroid hormone responsive element (TRE)-containing promoter sequence to thyroid hormone (TH) was studied utilizing Xenopus laevis carrying a transgene containing 5'-upstream region of TRbetaA1 gene and green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene. EGFP-expression was seen first in neurulae, which continued to stage 45, then became weak, and(More)
AIMS The DUSP9 locus on chromosome X was identified as a susceptibility locus for type 2 diabetes in a meta-analysis of European genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and GWAS in South Asian populations identified 6 additional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci for type 2 diabetes. However, the association of these loci with type 2 diabetes have(More)
Recently, we have reported that the overexpression of a membrane-targeted phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase (p110CAAX) stimulated p70S6 kinase, Akt, glucose transport, and Ras activation in the absence of insulin but inhibited insulin-stimulated glycogen synthase activation and MAP kinase phosphorylation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To investigate the mechanism(More)
We have reported that a deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)), an active cofactor of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), contributes to the endothelial dysfunction through reduced eNOS activity and increased superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) generation in the insulin-resistant state. To further confirm this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of dietary(More)