Atsuko Sakurai

Learn More
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) is a well-known intracellular signaling molecule improving barrier function in vascular endothelial cells. Here, we delineate a novel cAMP-triggered signal that regulates the barrier function. We found that cAMP-elevating reagents, prostacyclin and forskolin, decreased cell permeability and enhanced vascular endothelial (VE)(More)
Rap1 is a small GTPase that regulates adherens junction maturation. It remains elusive how Rap1 is activated upon cell-cell contact. We demonstrate for the first time that Rap1 is activated upon homophilic engagement of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) at the cell-cell contacts in living cells and that MAGI-1 is required for VE-cadherin-dependent(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) induces diverse biological responses in various tissues by activating specific G protein-coupled receptors (S1P(1)-S1P(5) receptors). The biological signaling regulated by S1P(3) receptor has not been fully elucidated because of the lack of an S1P(3) receptor-specific antagonist or agonist. We developed a novel S1P(3) receptor(More)
Endothelial cell migration is promoted by chemoattractants and is accompanied with microtubule extension toward the leading edge. Cytoskeletal microtubules polarize to function as rails for delivering a variety of molecules by motor proteins during cell migration. It remains, however, unclear how directional migration with polarized extension of(More)
The cranial vasculature is essential for the survival and development of the central nervous system and is important in stroke and other brain pathologies. Cranial vessels form in a reproducible and evolutionarily conserved manner, but the process by which these vessels assemble and acquire their stereotypic patterning remains unclear. Here, we examine the(More)
The semaphorins are a family of secreted or membrane-bound proteins that are known to guide axons in the developing nervous system. Genetic evidence revealed that a class III semaphorin, semaphorin 3E (Sema3E), and its receptor Plexin-D1 also control the vascular patterning during development. At the molecular level, we have recently shown that Sema3E acts(More)
Histamine-induced vascular leakage is an integral component of many highly prevalent human diseases, including allergies, asthma and anaphylaxis. Yet, how histamine induces the disruption of the endothelial barrier is not well defined. By using genetically modified animal models, pharmacologic inhibitors and a synthetic biology approach, here we show that(More)
Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin), which belongs to the classical cadherin family, is localized at adherens junctions exclusively in vascular endothelial cells. Biochemical and biomechanical cues regulate the VE-cadherin adhesive potential by triggering the intracellular signals. VE-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion is required for cell survival and(More)
Recent studies revealed that a class III semaphorin, semaphorin 3E (Sema3E), acts through a single-pass transmembrane receptor, plexin D1, to provide a repulsive cue for plexin D1-expressing endothelial cells, thus providing a highly conserved and developmentally regulated signaling system guiding the growth of blood vessels. We show here that Sema3E acts(More)
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature, is essential for many physiological processes, and aberrant angiogenesis contributes to some of the most prevalent human diseases, including cancer. Angiogenesis is controlled by delicate balance between pro- and anti-angiogenic signals. While pro-angiogenic signaling has been(More)