Atsuko Hikikoshi Iwane

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F-actin is a helical assembly of actin, which is a component of muscle fibres essential for contraction and has a crucial role in numerous cellular processes, such as the formation of lamellipodia and filopodia, as the most abundant component and regulator of cytoskeletons by dynamic assembly and disassembly (from G-actin to F-actin and vice versa). Actin(More)
Actomyosin, a complex of actin filaments and myosin motor proteins, is responsible for force generation during muscle contraction. To resolve the individual mechanical events of force generation by actomyosin, we have developed a new instrument with which we can capture and directly manipulate individual myosin subfragment-1 molecules using a scanning(More)
Imaging of single fluorescent molecules has been achieved in a relatively simple manner using objective-type total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). Switching from epi-fluorescence microscopy to objective-type TIRFM was achieved by translation of a single mirror in the system. Clear images of single molecules of an orange fluorescent dye,(More)
Class-V myosin proceeds along actin filaments with large ( approximately 36 nm) steps. Myosin-V has two heads, each of which consists of a motor domain and a long (23 nm) neck domain. In accordance with the widely accepted lever-arm model, it was suggested that myosin-V steps to successive (36 nm) target zones along the actin helical repeat by tilting its(More)
Local anesthetics are known to inhibit neuronal fast anterograde axoplasmic transport (FAAT) in a reversible and dose-dependent manner, but the precise mechanism has not been determined. FAAT is powered by kinesin superfamily proteins, which transport membranous organelles, vesicles, or protein complexes along microtubules. We investigated the direct effect(More)
Many biological motor molecules move within cells using stepsizes predictable from their structures. Myosin VI, however, has much larger and more broadly distributed stepsizes than those predicted from its short lever arms. We explain the discrepancy by monitoring Qdots and gold nanoparticles attached to the myosin-VI motor domains using high-sensitivity(More)
The motility of single one-headed kinesin molecules (K351 and K340), which were truncated fragments of Drosophila two-headed kinesin, has been tested using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. One-headed kinesin fragments moved continuously along the microtubules. The maximum distance traveled until the fragments dissociated from the(More)
We have previously measured the process of displacement generation by a single head of muscle myosin (S1) using scanning probe nanometry. Given that the myosin head was rigidly attached to a fairly large scanning probe, it was assumed to stably interact with an underlying actin filament without diffusing away as would be the case in muscle. The myosin head(More)
*Formation of Soft Nanomachines, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, †Single Molecule Processes Project, International Cooperative Research Project, Japan Science and Technology Agency, ‡Department of Biophysical Engineering, Osaka University, §Soft Biosystem Group, Laboratories for Nanobiology,(More)
It has been puzzled that in spite of its single-headed structure, myosin-IX shows the typical character of processive motor in multi-molecule in vitro motility assay, because this cannot be explained by hand-over-hand mechanism of the two-headed processive myosins. Here, we show direct evidence of the processive movement of myosin-IX using two different(More)