Atsuko Hikikoshi Iwane

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Myosin VI is a two-headed molecular motor that moves along an actin filament in the direction opposite to most other myosins. Previously, a single myosin VI molecule has been shown to proceed with steps that are large compared to its neck size: either it walks by somehow extending its neck or one head slides along actin for a long distance before the other(More)
Class-V myosin proceeds along actin filaments with large ( approximately 36 nm) steps. Myosin-V has two heads, each of which consists of a motor domain and a long (23 nm) neck domain. In accordance with the widely accepted lever-arm model, it was suggested that myosin-V steps to successive (36 nm) target zones along the actin helical repeat by tilting its(More)
Class VI myosin is an intracellular vesicle and organelle transporter that moves along actin filaments in a direction opposite to most other known myosin classes. The myosin-VI was expected to form a dimer to move processively along actin filaments with a hand-over-hand mechanism like other myosin organelle transporters. Recently, however, wild-type(More)
Class V myosin (myosin-V) was first found as a processive motor that moves along an actin filament with large ( approximately 36-nm) successive steps and plays an important role in cargo transport in cells. Subsequently, several other myosins have also been found to move processively. Because myosin-V has two heads with ATP- and actin-binding sites, the(More)
It is widely accepted that the vesicle-transporter myosin-V moves processively along F-actin with large steps of approximately 36 nm using a hand-over-hand mechanism. A key question is how does the rear head of two-headed myosin-V search for the forward actin target in the forward direction. Scanning probe nanometry was used to resolve this underlying(More)
It has been puzzled that in spite of its single-headed structure, myosin-IX shows the typical character of processive motor in multi-molecule in vitro motility assay, because this cannot be explained by hand-over-hand mechanism of the two-headed processive myosins. Here, we show direct evidence of the processive movement of myosin-IX using two different(More)
Conventional form to function as a vesicle transporter is not a 'single molecule' but a coordinated 'two molecules'. The coordinated two molecules make it complicated to reveal its mechanism. To overcome the difficulty, we adopted a single-headed myosin-VI as a model protein. Myosin-VI is an intracellular vesicle and organelle transporter that moves along(More)
Myosin V is an actin-based processive molecular motor driven by the chemical energy of ATP hydrolysis. Although the chemo-mechanical coupling in processive movement has been postulated by separate structural, mechanical and biochemical studies, no experiment has been able to directly test these conclusions. Therefore the relationship between ATP-turnover(More)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) turnover drives various processive molecular motors and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) release is a principal transition in this cycle. Biochemical and single molecule mechanical studies have led to a model in which a slow ADP release step contributes to the processivity of myosin-V. To test the relationship between force(More)
Single molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) is the technique that has been developed by combining FRET measurement and single molecule fluorescence imaging. This technique allows us to measure the dynamic changes of the interaction and structures of biomolecules. In this study, the validity of the method was tested using fluorescence dyes(More)
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