Atsuko Hayashida

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Many microbial pathogens subvert cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) to infect host cells in vitro. The significance of HSPG-pathogen interactions in vivo, however, remains to be determined. In this study, we examined the role of syndecan-1, a major cell surface HSPG of epithelial cells, in Staphylococcus aureus corneal infection. We found(More)
Several microbial pathogens stimulate the ectodomain shedding of host cell surface proteins to promote their pathogenesis. We reported previously that Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus activate the ectodomain shedding of syndecan-1 and that syndecan-1 shedding promotes P. aeruginosa pathogenesis in mouse models of lung and burned skin(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin is a major virulence factor, but its mechanism of action in vivo is incompletely understood. METHODS We examined the role of alpha-toxin in S. aureus pneumonia using the mouse model of intranasal lung infection with S. aureus strain 8325-4 (hla(+) S. aureus) and an alpha-toxin-deficient mutant strain made on(More)
In pneumonia caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus, the intense inflammatory response that is triggered by this infection can lead to the development of lung injury. Little is known, however, about the impact of specific virulence factors on this inflammatory disorder, which causes both significant mortality and morbidity. In this study, we examined(More)
Ablation of syndecan-1 in mice is a gain of function mutation that enables mice to significantly resist infection by several bacterial pathogens. Syndecan-1 shedding is induced by bacterial virulence factors, and inhibition of shedding attenuates bacterial virulence, whereas administration of purified syndecan-1 ectodomain enhances virulence, suggesting(More)
We studied three patients with severe skeletal dysplasia, T cell immunodeficiency, and developmental delay. Whole-exome sequencing revealed homozygous missense mutations affecting exostosin-like 3 (EXTL3), a glycosyltransferase involved in heparan sulfate (HS) biosynthesis. Patient-derived fibroblasts showed abnormal HS composition and altered fibroblast(More)
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