Atsuko Ashida

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Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been implicated in carcinogenic development of melanoma, but the underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. We studied the expression and function of the superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase (Nox)4 in human melanoma cells. Nox4 was up-regulated in 13 of 20 melanoma cell lines tested.(More)
BRAF V600E is a common mutation in melanoma, and BRAF inhibitors are effective in treating of BRAF mutation-positive melanoma. DNA carrying this mutation is released from melanoma cells into the circulation. As such, circulating tumor-derived DNA (ctDNA) in peripheral blood represents a novel biomarker for evaluating tumor features in cancer patients.(More)
We investigated the anti-tumor effect of human interferon-beta (HuIFN-beta) against malignant melanoma. In vitro study revealed that HuIFN-beta not only inhibited proliferation of melanoma cells (seven cell lines: MM-AN, MM-BP, MM-LH, MM-RU, PM-WK, RPM-EP, RPM-MC) but also induced apoptosis in a dose dependent fashion, though the sensitivity to HuIFN-beta(More)
Immune cell Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize conserved microbial components, leading to immune and inflammatory responses. However, TLRs are also expressed in cancer cells, including melanoma cells, which express TLR2-4. TLR4 ligands have received attention as immunotherapies; therefore, we assessed the expression of TLR4 in human melanoma specimens (29(More)
Recent studies showed KIT gene aberrations in a substantial number of melanomas on acral skin and mucosa, suggesting the therapeutic benefit of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as imatinib. We therefore examined the expression and mutations of KIT in 4 primary and 24 metastatic acral and mucosal melanomas. Immunohistochemistry revealed moderate or strong(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS) is a severe reaction to drugs which characteristically occurs after a long latency period. In addition, human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) reactivation is a characteristic finding in DIHS, which has been known to be related to disease severity. Because DIHS has generally been treated by systemic(More)
BACKGROUND Anaplastic thyroid cancer is considered to be one of the most aggressive human malignancies, and the mean survival time after diagnosis is approximately six months, regardless of treatments. This study aimed to examine how EpCAM and its related molecules are involved in the characteristics of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)