Atsuhito Yagihashi

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Suppression of apoptosis is thought to contribute to carcinogenesis. Survivin, a member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis family, blocks apoptotic signaling activated by various cellular stresses. Since elevated expression of survivin observed in human cancers of varied origin was associated with poor patient survival, survivin has attracted growing attention(More)
We investigated the significance of endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by fungi treated with miconazole. ROS production in Candida albicans was measured by a real-time fluorogenic assay. The level of ROS production was increased by miconazole at the MIC (0.125 micro g/ml) and was enhanced further in a dose-dependent manner, with a fourfold(More)
We established the validity of a quantitative reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay for the RNA component of human telomerase (hTR), using the TaqMan fluorogenic detection system. Using this assay, we quantified hTR expression in two human pancreatic cancer cell lines, ASPC-1 and MIAPaCa-2. Our results indicated that hTR expression in MIAPaCa-2 was 1.99-fold(More)
MecA, a structural gene located on the chromosome of Staphylococcus aureus, characterizes methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), and femA and femB(fem) genes encode proteins which influence the level of methicillin resistance of S. aureus. In order to examine effectiveness of detecting mecA and fem genes in identification of MRSA, the presence of these(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is uncertain. We measured TNF-alpha in serum from IBD patients by immuno-PCR to analyze the relationship between TNF-alpha and pathophysiologic state in IBD. METHODS Serum samples were collected from 54(More)
Telomerase, an enzyme that adds hexameric repeats of 5'-TTAGGG-3', termed telomeres, to the ends of chromosomal DNA, has been implicated in cellular immortalization and cellular senescence. Recently several relevant genes have been cloned, including those encoding three major components of human telomerase: human telomerase RNA component (hTR), human(More)
We examined whether survivin acts as a constitutive and inducible radioresistance factor in pancreatic cancer cells. Using a quantitative TaqMan reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for survivin mRNA in five pancreatic cancer cell lines, we found an inverse relationship between survivin mRNA expression and radiosensitivity. PANC-1 cells, which(More)
A molecular typing method for Staphylococcus aureus based on coagulase gene polymorphisms (coagulase gene typing) was evaluated by examining a total of 240 isolates which comprised 210 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and 30 methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) collected from a single hospital. By AluI restriction enzyme digestion of the(More)
BACKGROUND The maintenance of telomeres may be required for long-term proliferation of tumors. Activity of telomerase, a ribonucleoprotein complex that elongates telomeres, has been found in almost all human tumors but not in adjacent normal cells. Several factors which regulate telomere length, TRF1 and 2, TIN2, tankyrase and Rap1, have been identified.(More)
A WKA rat fetus fibroblast (WFB) was transfected by several oncogenes including EJras (activated H-ras), polyoma middle T (PyMT), v-src, c-myc, and adenovirus type 12 E1A-E1B. We analyzed the expression of the transformation-associated cell surface antigens on WFB by developing monoclonal antibodies. One of the WFB transformation-associated cell surface(More)