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Unilateral labyrinthectomy results in oculomotor and postural disturbances that regress in a few days during vestibular compensation. The long-term (after 1 mo) consequences of unilateral labyrinthectomy were investigated by characterizing the static and dynamic membrane properties of the ipsilesional vestibular neurons recorded intracellularly in guinea(More)
Vestibular compensation after a unilateral labyrinthectomy leads to nearly complete disappearance of the static symptoms triggered by the lesion. However, the dynamic vestibular reflexes associated with head movements remain impaired. Because the contralesional labyrinth plays a prominent role in the generation of these dynamic responses, intracellular(More)
We examined sound lateralization using dichotic presentation of noises in 15 patients with left unilateral (12 patients) or bilateral (3 patients) temporal lobe lesions, that included the auditory cortex, and evaluated their abilities to discriminate interaural time and intensity difference (ITD, IID) separately. On the ITD discrimination test,(More)
Altered gravity environments including both hypo- and hypergravity can elicit motion sickness. Vestibular information is known to be essential for motion sickness, but its other neural substrates are poorly understood. We previously showed that bilateral lesions of the amygdala suppressed hypergravity-induced motion sickness in rats, using pica behavior as(More)
In vitro intracellular recordings of central vestibular neurons have been restricted so far to the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN). We performed intracellular recordings of large Deiters' neurons in the lateral vestibular nucleus (LVN) to determine their static and dynamic membrane properties, and compare them with those of type A and type B neurons(More)
The differential display method was applied to identify genes expression of which is altered in the flocculus after unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL). Total RNA from sham operated and labyrinthectomized rat flocculi was isolated, amplified by PCR using an arbitrary primer set and separated by electrophoresis on a polyacrylamide gel. PCR products the amounts(More)
Dynamic range (DR) of cochlear implant electrodes and speech recognition scores (SRS) were chronologically studied in 23 post-lingually deaf subjects over a period of one year. DR significantly increased over one year (ANOVA, p = 0.03). When DR was compared among three groups of electrodes which were located in the inferior, ascending and superior segments(More)
In order to investigate the function of the auditory pathway from the cochlea to the brain stem under total spinal anesthesia, the auditory brain stem response (ABR), compound action potential of the cochlear nerve (CAP), and cochlear microphonics (CM) were simultaneously recorded in rats. Total spinal anesthesia was induced by infusion of 2% lidocaine(More)
Auditory brain stem response (ABR) was recorded in 10 rats with total spinal anesthesia induced by injection of 2% lidocaine hydrochloride into the subarachnoid space through the skull. The ABR disappeared immediately (within 4 minutes) after the injection of 13.3 to 40.0 mg/kg lidocaine. The disappearance started with the later waves of the ABR. After(More)