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The differential display method was applied to identify genes expression of which is altered in the flocculus after unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL). Total RNA from sham operated and labyrinthectomized rat flocculi was isolated, amplified by PCR using an arbitrary primer set and separated by electrophoresis on a polyacrylamide gel. PCR products the amounts(More)
The authors assessed the natural course of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in 108 patients who were not treated with canalith repositioning procedure. The average number of days from onset to remission of positional vertigo in patients with posterior canal BPPV (P-BPPV) (39 days) was longer than in those with horizontal canal BPPV (H-BPPV) (16(More)
Unilateral labyrinthectomy results in oculomotor and postural disturbances that regress in a few days during vestibular compensation. The long-term (after 1 mo) consequences of unilateral labyrinthectomy were investigated by characterizing the static and dynamic membrane properties of the ipsilesional vestibular neurons recorded intracellularly in guinea(More)
Vestibular compensation after a unilateral labyrinthectomy leads to nearly complete disappearance of the static symptoms triggered by the lesion. However, the dynamic vestibular reflexes associated with head movements remain impaired. Because the contralesional labyrinth plays a prominent role in the generation of these dynamic responses, intracellular(More)
In vitro intracellular recordings of central vestibular neurons have been restricted so far to the medial vestibular nucleus (MVN). We performed intracellular recordings of large Deiters' neurons in the lateral vestibular nucleus (LVN) to determine their static and dynamic membrane properties, and compare them with those of type A and type B neurons(More)
We studied 28 patients with vestibular neuronitis treated at our hospital between 1997 and 1999. To determine the effects of steroid therapy on long-term canal prognosis and daily activity, we examined caloric tests and gave questionnaires to 12 steroid-treated and 16 nonsteroid-treated patients 2 years after onset. We found that canal improvement was 50%(More)
To investigate the molecular background of vestibular compensation, a model of lesion-induced plasticity, we used a microarray analysis to examine genes that show asymmetrical expression between the bilateral vestibular nucleus complexes (VNCs) 6 h following unilateral vestibular deafferentation (UVD). Asymmetrical gene expression was then validated by a(More)
Both TRPV1 and TRPA1 are non-selective cation channels. They are co-expressed, and interact in sensory neurons such as dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and trigeminal ganglia (TG), and are involved in nociception, being activated by nociceptive stimuli. Immunohistological localization of TRPV1 in vestibular ganglion (VG) neurons has been reported. Although TRPA1(More)
Recent studies, which have shown an increase of plasma vasopressin (VP) in experimental motion sickness and the efficacy of VP antagonists for motion sickness, suggest an important role of VP in the development of vestibulo-autonomic responses. We have recently found evidence of the co-existence of vasopressinergic neurons with the stress-sensitive(More)
Altered gravity environments including both hypo- and hypergravity can elicit motion sickness. Vestibular information is known to be essential for motion sickness, but its other neural substrates are poorly understood. We previously showed that bilateral lesions of the amygdala suppressed hypergravity-induced motion sickness in rats, using pica behavior as(More)