Atsuhiko Sugiyama

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As an increasing number of non-cardiac drugs have been reported to cause QT interval prolongation and torsades de pointes (TdP), we extensively studied the utility of atrioventricular (AV) block animals as a model to predict their torsadogenic action in human. The present review highlights such in vivo proarrhythmia models. In the case of the canine model,(More)
BACKGROUND The clinicopathologic significance of micrometastases to lymph nodes, consisting of a single carcinoma cell or a small cluster of carcinoma cells and confirmed only by special staining, was evaluated in patients with gastric carcinoma. METHODS The authors studied 2446 lymph nodes removed during surgery for 109 cases of gastric carcinoma,(More)
We compared human periodontal ligament fibroblasts with human gingival fibroblasts isolated from the same donor to examine interleukin-8 (IL-8) responses of the cells to Salmonella lipopolysaccharide, a water-soluble peptidoglycan from Staphylococcus epidermidis and the synthetic muramyldipeptide, with special reference to the possible involvement of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a chemokine-inducing infiltration of macrophages, which can play several roles in tumor growth and metastasis. We have attempted to clarify the relationship between MCP-1 expression and macrophage infiltration in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS Paraffin-embedded sections of(More)
Acute hemodynamic and electrophysiological effects of amiodarone were assessed simultaneously, using the halothane-anesthetized, closed-chest in vivo canine model in comparison with those of solvent ethanol alone. Intravenous administration of the solvent (n = 8) induced no significant change in any of the cardiovascular parameters. On the other hand,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Histochemical analysis of the surface mucous gel layer of the human colon is difficult, as it dissolves in fixatives. This study was undertaken to explore the surface mucous gel layer on the normal mucosa and neoplastic tissues of the large intestine. In addition, the distribution of different mucins secreted from goblet cells was(More)
IL-18, a potent IFN-gamma-inducing cytokine, is expressed by various nonimmune cells as well as macrophages, suggesting that it has important physiological and immunological roles. The present study focused on the mechanism of active IL-18 induction from human oral epithelial cells. The epithelial cells and the cell lines constitutively express IL-18 mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The heart of the canine model of chronic atrioventricular block is known to have a ventricular electrical remodelling, which mimics the pathophysiology of long QT syndrome. Using this model, we explored a new pharmacological therapeutic strategy for the prevention of cardiac sudden death. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The L-type Ca(2+)(More)
Recent studies have indicated that sphingosine 1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) is released into the blood flow from activated platelets upon stimulation to exhibit a wide spectrum of biological functions. The purpose of the present study was to assess the acute cardiovascular effects of circulating Sph-1-P in the in vivo rat model. Intravenous administration of(More)
Data regarding the chronological changes in gastric mucosal cytokines in the different phases of Helicobacter pylori infection are unavailable. We examined Mongolian gerbils for up to 52 weeks after H. pylori (ATCC 43504) inoculation. Levels of mRNAs of mucosal cytokines (interleukin-1beta [IL-1beta], gamma interferon [IFN-gamma], IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10)(More)