Atsuhiko Miyauchi

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The maintenance of energy homeostasis is essential for life, and its dysregulation leads to a variety of metabolic disorders. Under a fed condition, mammals utilize glucose as the main metabolic fuel, and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by the colonic bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber also contribute a significant proportion of daily energy(More)
Adynamic bone disease and elevated serum levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) often are found in patients with renal failure caused by diabetic nephropathy. To clarify the role of AGEs in adynamic bone disease, we investigated the effect of these substances on cultured human osteoblasts and parathyroid cells. After 72 hours of incubation with(More)
Application of granulation tissue, which is rich in macrophages, to a peripheral nerve induces a conditioning effect, in that it enhances the regeneration capability of peripheral nerves after a test crush lesion. The temporal aspects of this response and the role of macrophages and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) were studied in the sciatic nerves of 71(More)
The effects of jejunal ulcer and chronic endogenous hypergastrinemia on canine gastrointestinal myoelectric activity were investigated in three groups of dogs. All dogs were chronically implanted with electrodes on the stomach and either the duodenum or jejunum. Fasted-state myoelectric activity was monitored before and after gastroenterostomy. Two groups(More)
The effects of granulation tissue exposure on regeneration of sensory axons after a test crush lesion in rat sciatic nerves were studied. Chromic catgut threads were applied subcutaneously in the back of rats. Three weeks later the surrounding granulation tissue was isolated and transposed to the sciatic or tibial nerve in the same rat. Immunocytochemical,(More)
Occupancy of the chicken osteoclast αvβ3 integrin stimulates immediate cell signals. Peptides from osteopontin containing Arg-Gly-Asp and peptides from the osteopontin and bone sialoprotein sequences containing Arg-Gly-Asp stimulated immediate reductions in osteoclast cytosolic Ca2+. The changes in cytosolic Ca2+ required the Arg-Gly-Asp sequence, and were(More)
To see if symptoms such as sensory disturbance or numbness worsen during exercise as is thought to occur in entrapment neuropathy, we studied the interaction between sensory and muscle nerve fibres in a mixed nerve in cats. Stimulation electrodes were placed on both the deep (muscle) and superficial (sensory) branch of the radial nerve at the elbow. High(More)
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