Atsuhiko Hattori

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When freshly isolated rabbit marrow cells were cultured either in vitro or in diffusion chambers in vivo, the hemopoietic cells disappeared and there was a proliferation of the stromal cell population. The colonies formed in vitro were mainly fibroblastic, and this cell type predominated in confluent cultures. Staining for alkaline phosphatase activity and(More)
Osteogenesis in the teleost was morphologically observed using regenerating scales of goldfish. Histological observations indicated that osteoblasts around the regenerating scales on days 7 to 10 were greater in size and number than those at other stages. Therefore, further experiments were carried out to examine the activity of osteoblasts in the(More)
To examine the effects of heavy metals such as cadmium and mercury on calcium homeostasis, plasma calcium and calcitonin were measured in goldfish. Cadmium induced hypocalcemia both at 4 and at 8 days. In methylmercury-treated goldfish, the plasma calcium level increased at 2 days and then decreased at 8 days. The plasma calcitonin level increased in(More)
The effects of melatonin on osteoclastic and osteoblastic cells were examined using a culture system of the goldfish scale. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were used as markers of osteoclastic and osteoblastic cells, respectively. In Earle's minimum essential medium containing melatonin (10(-9) to 10(-5) m),(More)
Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), a neuropeptide that inhibits gonadotropin synthesis and release, was first identified in quail hypothalamus. GnIH acts on the pituitary and GnRH neurons in the hypothalamus via GnIH receptor to inhibit gonadal development and maintenance. In addition, GnIH neurons express melatonin receptor and melatonin induces GnIH(More)
To analyze the effect of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 118 on fish bone metabolism, we examined osteoclastic and osteoblastic activities, as well as plasma calcium levels, in the scales of PCB (118)-injected goldfish. In addition, effect of PCB (118) on osteoclasts and osteoblasts was investigated in vitro. Immature goldfish, in which the endogenous(More)
Multiple subtypes of melatonin receptors are expressed in neural and peripheral tissues to mediate melatonin actions on the regulation of circadian rhythms in vertebrates. To elucidate molecular basis of "circa" rhythms in the grass puffer Takifugu niphobles, which spawns synchronously with semilunar cycles, tissue distribution of four melatonin receptor(More)
Antidiabetic effects of ajoene, derived from garlic, were investigated in genetically diabetic KK-A(y) mice. Four-week-old male KK-A(y) mice were kept on a laboratory diet containing 0.02 or 0.05% of ajoene for 8 wk. The elevation of water intake was suppressed depending on ajoene intake. The levels of plasma glucose in the 0.05% ajoene-containing diet(More)
To evaluate the effects of inorganic mercury (InHg) and methylmercury (MeHg) on bone metabolism in a marine teleost, the activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as indicators of such activity in osteoclasts and osteoblasts, respectively, were examined in scales of nibbler fish (Girella punctata). We found(More)
In teleosts, it is well known that plasma calcium levels increase as a result of treatment with estrogen for at least during 2 weeks and that calcitonin secretion is induced by estrogen. The present study examined the influence of bisphenol A on calcium homeostasis in goldfish and compared the above known estrogenic action. In goldfish kept in water(More)