Atle Noralf Larsen

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The mammalian interleukins IL-1beta and IL-8 are important pro-inflammatory cytokines often used as markers of an activated inflammatory response, while IL-10 is regarded as an anti-inflammatory cytokine and plays a crucial role in the regulation of inflammation. Few cytokines from gadoid fish have been described, and herein the sequence and expression of(More)
Proteins from organisms living in extreme conditions are of particular interest because of their potential for being templates for redesign of enzymes both in biotechnological and other industries. The crystal structure of a proteinase K-like enzyme from a psychrotroph Serratia species has been solved to 1.8 A. The structure has been compared with the(More)
IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in the clearance of extracellular bacteria and contributes to the pathology of many autoimmune and allergic conditions. Much work on IL-17 has been done in humans and higher vertebrates while little work has been conducted in lower vertebrates including fish. In this study, we have cloned and(More)
Mammalian hepcidin is an antimicrobial peptide and a key regulator in the iron homeostasis. Here we report the identification and cloning of a hepcidin cDNA from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). The cod hepcidin cDNA was predicted to encode a prepropeptide of 98 amino acids (aa) with a signal peptide of 22 aa. A tentative RX(K/R)R motif for propeptide(More)
Crystal structures of Atlantic cod lysozyme have been solved with and without ligand bound in the active site to 1.7 and 1.9 Å resolution, respectively. The structures reveal the presence of NAG in the substrate binding sites at both sides of the catalytic Glu73, hence allowing the first crystallographic description of the goose-type (g-type) lysozyme E–G(More)
The gene encoding a peptidase that belongs to the proteinase K family of serine peptidases has been identified from a psychrotrophic Serratia sp., and cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The gene has 1890 base pairs and encodes a precursor protein of 629 amino acids with a theoretical molecular mass of 65.5 kDa. Sequence analysis suggests that the(More)
Many viral vaccines used in aquaculture are unable to stimulate an appropriate level of immunity to withstand infection. By targeting specific components of the immune system it may be possible to trigger stronger, more effective responses to antigens. Flagellin has the ability to stimulate both the soluble and membrane-bound forms of toll-like receptor 5(More)
Lysozymes are antibacterial enzymes important in the innate immune defense of several animal phyla. An Atlantic cod goose-type (g-type) lysozyme EST was identified in a suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH) cDNA library and the full-length cDNA (codg1) was obtained by RACE-PCR. The lysozyme gene is organised in five exons and four introns similar to(More)
In this study we describe the production and characterization of an antiserum against recombinant g-type lysozyme derived from Atlantic cod. This is also the first initial analyses of g-type lysozyme protein expression in tissues of Atlantic cod. Recombinant expression and purification of cod g-type lysozyme was used for immunization to rabbit and the(More)
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