Athina T. Giagini

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OBJECTIVE We sought to examine in age-matched subjects the biomechanical and compositional remodeling associated with ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms according to region and direction. METHODS Whole, fresh, degenerative ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms were taken from 26 patients (age, 69 +/- 2 years; maximum aortic diameter, 5.9 +/- 0.3 cm) during(More)
The receptor-binding cancer antigen expressed on SiSo cells (RCAS1) is a novel tumor-associated antigen that induces cell-cycle arrest and/or apoptosis in RCAS1 receptor-bearing human cells. Current evidence has revealed enhanced RCAS1 expression in the tumor malignant stage of several organs, which may play a crucial role in tumor progression by enabling(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) is an enzyme responsible for DNA synthesis. Its competitive inhibition constitutes the major mechanism of the antitumor effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy, which significantly improves the survival rate of colon cancer patients. The aim of our study was to examine the clinical importance of TS expression in colon cancer(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that vein graft intimal hyperplasia can be significantly suppressed by a single intra-operative transfection of the graft with a decoy oligonucleotide (ODN) binding the transcription factor Egr-1. DESIGN Experimental study. MATERIALS AND METHODS Jugular vein to carotid artery interposition grafts in rabbits were treated(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of exercise on atherosclerotic plaque composition, the concentration of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the atherosclerotic plaque and the systemic circulation. METHODS Ninety apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice (45 male) were randomized to the following groups (n=15 each): control male/female; sedentary(More)
Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) were resected from patients during graft replacement and non-aneurysmal vessels during autopsy. Tissues were histomechanically tested according to region and orientation, and the experimental recordings reduced with a Fung-type strain--energy function, affording faithful biomechanical characterisation of the vessel(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) has already been considered as an attractive molecular target for the treatment of human metabolic disorders. Pleiotropic functions beyond this limit, such as anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects against several pathological states, including atherosclerosis, osteoporosis and cancer,(More)
Minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins are essential components of DNA replication, being related to cell proliferation, and serve as useful biomarkers for cancer screening, surveillance and prognosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical significance of MCM-2 and MCM-5 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma in comparison with Ki-67(More)
PURPOSE Cetuximab, an antibody directed against the EGF receptor, is an effective clinical therapy for patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Despite great clinical promise, intrinsic or acquired cetuximab resistance hinders successful treatment outcomes but little is known about the underlying mechanism. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To study(More)
Physical exercise is the cornerstone of cardiovascular disease treatment. The present study investigated whether exercise training affects atherosclerotic plaque composition through the modification of inflammatory-related pathways in apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE(-/-)) mice with diabetic atherosclerosis. Forty-five male apoE(-/-) mice were randomized(More)