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Journals and Conferences
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor-associated kinase-4 (IRAK-4) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an essential role in signal transduction by Toll/IL-1 receptors (TIRs). Here, we report the crystal structures of the phosphorylated human IRAK-4 kinase domain in complex with a potent inhibitor and with staurosporine to 2.0 and 2.2 A, respectively. The… (More)
The discovery, structure-based design, synthesis, and optimization of NIK inhibitors are described. Our work began with an HTS hit, imidazopyridinyl pyrimidinamine 1. We utilized homology modeling and conformational analysis to optimize the indole scaffold leading to the discovery of novel and potent conformationally constrained inhibitors such as compounds… (More)
11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) catalyzes the NADPH dependent interconversion of inactive cortisone to active cortisol. Excess 11beta-HSD1 or cortisol leads to insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in animal models and in humans. Inhibiting 11beta-HSD1 activity signifies a promising therapeutic strategy in the treatment of Type… (More)
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 regulates glucocorticoid action and inhibition of this enzyme is a viable therapeutic strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Here, we report a potent and selective 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 inhibitor with a binding mode elucidated from the co-crystal structure… (More)
The synthesis and SAR of a series of arylsulfonylpiperazine inhibitors of 11beta-HSD1 are described. Optimization rapidly led to potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitors demonstrating efficacy in a cynomolgus monkey ex vivo enzyme inhibition model.
We report the discovery of potent benzamide inhibitors of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD1). The optimization and correlation of in vitro and in vivo metabolic stability will be described. Through modifications to our initial lead 2, we discovered pyridyl compound 13. This compound has a favorable pharmacokinetic profile across three species… (More)
Discovery and optimization of a piperidyl benzamide series of 11beta-HSD1 inhibitors is described. This series was derived from a cyclohexyl benzamide lead structures to address PXR selectivity, high non-specific protein binding, poor solubility, limited in vivo exposure, and in vitro cytotoxicity issues observed with the cyclohexyl benzamide structures.… (More)
NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) is a central component in the non-canonical NF-κB signaling pathway. Excessive NIK activity is implicated in various disorders, such as autoimmune conditions and cancers. Here, we report the first crystal structure of truncated human NIK in complex with adenosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) at a resolution of 2.5 Å. This truncated… (More)
Novel 4,4-disubstituted cyclohexylbenzamide inhibitors of 11beta-HSD1 were optimized to account for liabilities relating to in vitro pharmacokinetics, cytotoxicity and protein-related shifts in potency. A representative compound showing favorable in vivo pharmacokinetics was found to be an efficacious inhibitor of 11beta-HSD1 in a rat pharmacodynamic model… (More)
In this Letter, we report the continued optimization of the N-acyl-2-aminobenzimidazole series, focusing in particular on the N-alkyl substituent and 5-position of the benzimidazole based on the binding mode and the early SAR. These efforts led to the discovery of 16, a highly potent, selective, and orally bioavailable inhibitor of IRAK-4.