Athanassios T Skoutelis

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Serum concentrations of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6, and the anti-inflammatory cytokine Il-10, and IL-1 receptor antagonists (IL-1ra) and soluble TNF receptors (sTNFRs) were measured in 65 patients with severe sepsis. All patients were evaluated clinically and microbiologically and(More)
This study aimed to estimate the overall HCV genotype distribution and to reconstruct the HCV genotype-specific incidence in Greece during the recent decades. It also focused at the identification of genotype 4 subtype variability in Greek isolates. A total of 1686 chronically infected HCV patients with detectable serum HCV RNA by RT-PCR, belonging to(More)
BACKGROUND Activation and coagulation biomarkers were measured within the Strategies for Management of Antiretroviral Therapy (SMART) trial. Their associations with opportunistic disease (OD) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients were examined. METHODS Inflammatory (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hsCRP], interleukin-6 [IL-6],(More)
Greece is a country of intermediate endemicity for hepatitis B and low endemecity for hepatitis C with a downward trend during the last years. In the present study we investigated the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in the region of South-Western Greece and tried to identify the most important risk factors of(More)
The purpose of this study was to look for factors that affect attitudes to antibiotic use in Greek urban settings. By using a questionnaire-based survey, we conducted 323 face-to-face interviews (173 adults, 150 carers of children). In the adult group, 74.6% admitted using non-prescribed antibiotics, while only 22.7% of parents had administered(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the deformability of morphologically active and passive neutrophils in patients with sepsis (SP), septic shock (SS), and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING A university hospital intensive care unit and research laboratory. PATIENTS Six patients with sepsis, six patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an important health problem worldwide. The aim of the study is to describe the baseline characteristics and possible epidemiological changes of the patients with chronic HCV infection included in a nationwide Greek study. PATIENTS AND METHODS two thousand eight hundred seventeen (2817) patients,(More)
Sepsis in different states of severity (sepsis, severe sepsis, septic shock and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)) is associated with microcirculatory blood flow abnormalities leading to decreased red blood cell's (RBC's) deformability, impaired oxygen delivery to tissues and organs failure. The main goal of the present study, was to first(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the aerobic and anaerobic flora of periapical abscesses and evaluate their susceptibility to various antibiotics. In 52 patients, with a diagnosis of periapical abscesses, pus cultures were taken. Forty-two aerobes and 122 anaerobes were revealed, with 2 or more than 2 anaerobic strains isolated in 36 patients.(More)
This prospective, double-blind trial assessed whether the addition of a glycopeptide would be able to reduce the time to defervescence in neutropenic patients with cancer who had persistent fever 48-60 h after the initiation of empirical piperacillin-tazobactam monotherapy. Of 763 eligible patients, 165 with persistent fever were randomized to receive(More)