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AIM to compare the effectiveness of metformin and pioglitazone in ameliorating insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk factors in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS this study was a randomized clinical trial to compare treatment with metformin and pioglitozone. Fifty two women with PCOS aged 20-45 years were randomly allocated to one(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized histologically by the observation of non-caseating granulomas and several immunological abnormalities. Sarcoidosis is a multi-organ disorder which involves formation of granulomas in many tissues including the lungs (pulmonary) and others such as skin, bone, heart (extra pulmonary).(More)
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are identified as novel population of hematopoietic cells which protect the body by coordinating the innate immune response against a wide range of threats including infections, tissue damages and homeostatic disturbances. ILCs, particularly ILC2 cells, are found throughout the body including the brain. ILCs are morphologically(More)
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is an uncommon condition characterized by a triad of yellow nail coloration, lymphedema and respiratory tract involvement. This syndrome typically affects middle-aged persons. Although several etiologies have been described, to date; the exact etiology remains unclear. Different treatment plans have been suggested, but all data(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characterization of Listeria species and Listeria monocytogenes isolated from raw fish and open-air fish market environments. Eight hundred and sixty two samples including raw fish and fish market environments (samples from workers’ hands, workers’ knives, containers and work surface) were(More)
Whereas the roles of the canonical wingless-type MMTV (mouse mammary tumor virus) integration site family (WNT) signaling pathway in the regulation of ovarian follicle growth and steroidogenesis are now established, noncanonical WNT signaling in the ovary has been largely overlooked. Noncanonical WNTs, including WNT5a and WNT11, are expressed in granulosa(More)
The WNT family has been implicated in follicular development in rodents, however, the role of WNTs in the follicle of monovulatory species is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to determine the potential roles of WNTs in bovine granulosa cell function. Cells cultured in serum-free medium expressed mRNA encoding WNT2B, WNT5B and WNT5A. Levels(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects multiple organs. Before widespread use of computed tomography (CT), the severity of sarcoidosis was assessed based on chest X-ray abnormalities. HRCT can distinguish between active inflammatory changes and irreversible fibrosis. In this study, we analyzed different ACE levels in 148 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown origin with characterization of small granulomas. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a pathophysiologic marker of sarcoidosis. We present the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in correlation with serum ACE level in Iranian patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS From Jan 2014(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. Tuberculosis, MTB) and despite ongoing global efforts for its eradication there were still an estimated 8.7 million new cases and 1.4 million deaths worldwide in 2011 (1). Co-infection with HIV caused 13% new actively infected people resulting in a high mortality rate (48.6 %)(More)