Atchayaram Nalini

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We have earlier reported that intrathecal injection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients (ALS-CSF) into neonatal rats and supplementation of rat spinal cord cultures with ALS-CSF induces motor neuron degeneration via aberrant neurofilament phosphorylation and Golgi apparatus fragmentation. Intracellular(More)
Our earlier studies have shown that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients causes death of motor neurons, both in in-vitro as well as in-vivo. There was an aberrant phosphorylation of neurofilaments in cultured spinal cord neurons of chick and rats following exposure to CSF of ALS patients (ALS-CSF). Other features of(More)
We investigated the effect of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) from sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients (SALS-CSF) on motor neuron-like cells to delineate the pathomechanism of SALS. Exposure of NSC-34 cells to SALS-CSF caused lower viability, reduction in differentiation and enhanced lactate dehydrogenase activity. Additionally, reduced choline acetyl(More)
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) has the characteristic features of onset in the young, atrophy and weakness of the limbs, multiple cranial nerve palsies particularly the seventh, ninth to twelfth and sensorineural hearing loss with unique geographic distribution to southern part of India. During a period of 28 years (1974-2001), 7 (13%) among 54 patients(More)
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) and Madras motor neuron disease variant (MMNDV) have an unique geographic distribution with concentration of majority of cases in the southern states of India. They have the characteristic features of onset in young, weakness and wasting of the limbs, multiple cranial nerve palsies particularly involving the 7th, 9th to(More)
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), sarcoglycanopathy (Sgpy) and dysferlinopathy (Dysfy) are recessive genetic neuromuscular diseases that display muscle degeneration. Although these MDs have comparable endpoints of muscle pathology, the onset, severity and the course of these diseases are diverse. Different mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND "Dropped head syndrome" caused by neck extensor weakness has been reported in a variety of neuromuscular disorders. Previously published reports include isolated cases with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this report, nine patients with ALS and dropped head syndrome seen during a 20 year period are described. PATIENTS AND INVESTIGATIONS:(More)
Accumulating evidence supports neuroprotective role of trophic factors in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Previous studies from our laboratory report that the CSF of patients with sporadic ALS (ALS-CSF) induces degenerative changes in the rat spinal motor neurons and reactive astrogliosis in the surrounding gray matter. The present study was aimed to(More)
Cerebro Spinal Fluid (CSF) from patients with ALS has been documented to have a toxic effect on motor neurons both in vivo and in vitro. Here we show that the CSF from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients (ALS-CSF) has the potential to perturb ion channel expression, specifically the Na(v)1.6, and K(v)1.6 channels in newborn rat spinal motor neurons(More)
We have previously shown in our laboratory that cerebrospinal fluid from ALS patients (ALS-CSF) contains putative toxic factor(s). In the present study we determined the effect of ALS-CSF on the integrity of the Golgi apparatus of spinal motor neurons in the neonatal rats. CSF was injected intrathecally into three-day-old rat pups and subsequently the(More)