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OBJECTIVE In this prospective study conducted over 2 years, 300 nonconsecutive cases of autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophies (AR-LGMD) were characterized, based on phenotypic features, biochemical findings, electrophysiological studies, muscle immunohistochemistry (IHC), and western blot (WB) analysis. METHODS Muscle biopsy was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common muscular dystrophy that affects young boys and the dystrophin gene on the X chromosome has been found to be associated with the disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this prospective study, 112 clinically diagnosed DMD patients had muscle biopsy and were tested for exon deletions. Genotyping was(More)
One hundred patients (95 males, 5 females, mean age at presentation 31.6 +/- 9.4 yr) with various neurological disorders associated with HIV infection during 1989-1996 were evaluated at NIMHANS, Bangalore. Eighty patients belonged to group I associated with opportunistic neuroinfections and 20 to group II--non infectious neurological disorders. Cryptococcal(More)
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), sarcoglycanopathy (Sgpy) and dysferlinopathy (Dysfy) are recessive genetic neuromuscular diseases that display muscle degeneration. Although these MDs have comparable endpoints of muscle pathology, the onset, severity and the course of these diseases are diverse. Different mechanisms(More)
We have earlier reported that intrathecal injection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients (ALS-CSF) into neonatal rats and supplementation of rat spinal cord cultures with ALS-CSF induces motor neuron degeneration via aberrant neurofilament phosphorylation and Golgi apparatus fragmentation. Intracellular(More)
Our earlier studies have shown that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients causes death of motor neurons, both in in-vitro as well as in-vivo. There was an aberrant phosphorylation of neurofilaments in cultured spinal cord neurons of chick and rats following exposure to CSF of ALS patients (ALS-CSF). Other features of(More)
Madras motor neuron disease (MMND) has the characteristic features of onset in the young, atrophy and weakness of the limbs, multiple cranial nerve palsies particularly the seventh, ninth to twelfth and sensorineural hearing loss with unique geographic distribution to southern part of India. During a period of 28 years (1974-2001), 7 (13%) among 54 patients(More)
We investigated the effect of Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) from sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients (SALS-CSF) on motor neuron-like cells to delineate the pathomechanism of SALS. Exposure of NSC-34 cells to SALS-CSF caused lower viability, reduction in differentiation and enhanced lactate dehydrogenase activity. Additionally, reduced choline acetyl(More)
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) and inflammatory myopathies (IMs) are debilitating skeletal muscle disorders characterized by common pathological events including myodegeneration and inflammation. However, an experimental model representing both muscle pathologies and displaying most of the distinctive markers has not been characterized. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND "Dropped head syndrome" caused by neck extensor weakness has been reported in a variety of neuromuscular disorders. Previously published reports include isolated cases with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In this report, nine patients with ALS and dropped head syndrome seen during a 20 year period are described. PATIENTS AND INVESTIGATIONS:(More)