Atanas G Atanasov

Learn More
The impact of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH) on 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 activity was investigated upon coexpression in HEK-293 cells. Confocal microscopy analysis indicated colocalisation of both enzymes at the lumenal side of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Functional analysis in intact cells revealed(More)
By interconverting glucocorticoids, 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) exerts an important pre-receptor function and is currently considered a promising therapeutic target. In addition, 11beta-HSD1 plays a potential role in 7-ketocholesterol metabolism. Here we investigated the role of the N-terminal region on enzymatic activity and(More)
BACKGROUND As metastasis is the prime cause of death from malignancies, there is vibrant interest to discover options for the management of the different mechanistic steps of tumour spreading. Some approved pharmaceuticals exhibit activities against diseases they have not been developed for. In order to discover such activities that might attenuate lymph(More)
Agonists of the nuclear receptor PPARγ are therapeutically used to combat hyperglycaemia associated with the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. In spite of being effective in normalization of blood glucose levels, the currently used PPARγ agonists from the thiazolidinedione type have serious side effects, making the discovery of novel ligands highly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The transcription factor NF-κB orchestrates many pro-inflammatory signals and its inhibition is considered a promising strategy to combat inflammation. Here we report the characterization of the natural product plumericin as a highly potent inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway with a novel chemical scaffold, which was isolated via a(More)
A rapid screening assay for chemicals inhibiting 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) type 1 or type 2 using lysates from stably transfected cells was developed. Here, we tested a series of environmental chemicals for anti-11beta-HSD activities. Inhibition of 11beta-HSD2, which may cause cortisol-dependent activation of the mineralocorticoid(More)
Medicinal plants have historically proven their value as a source of molecules with therapeutic potential, and nowadays still represent an important pool for the identification of novel drug leads. In the past decades, pharmaceutical industry focused mainly on libraries of synthetic compounds as drug discovery source. They are comparably easy to produce and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE In Austria, like in most Western countries, knowledge about traditional medicinal plants is becoming scarce. Searching the literature concerning Austria's ethnomedicine reveals its scant scientific exploration. Aiming to substantiate the potential of medicinal plants traditionally used in Austria, 63 plant species or genera(More)
Organotins, important environmental pollutants widely used in agricultural and industrial applications, accumulate in the food chain and induce imposex in several marine species as well as neurotoxic and immunotoxic effects in higher animals. Reduced birth weight and thymus involution, observed upon exposure to organotins, can also be caused by excessive(More)
Dithiocarbamates (DTCs), important therapeutic and industrial chemicals released in high quantities into the environment, exhibit complex chemical and biological activities. Here, we demonstrate an effect of DTCs on glucocorticoid action due to inhibition of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) type 2, converting cortisol to cortisone in the(More)