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BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) which is an important part of all nosocomial infections in intensive care unit (ICU) is a serious illness with substantial morbidity and mortality, and increases costs of hospital care. We aimed to evaluate costs and risk factors for VAP in adult ICU. METHODS This is a-three year retrospective case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence of device-associated nosocomial infections in medical-surgical intensive care units (MS ICUs) in a university hospital in Turkey and compare it with National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system rates. DESIGN Prospective surveillance study during a period of 27 months. Device utilization ratios and(More)
OBJECTIVE The hands of healthcare workers often transmit pathogens causing nosocomial infections. This study examined compliance with handwashing and glove use. SETTING A university-affiliated hospital. DESIGN Compliance was observed covertly. Healthcare workers' demographics, hand hygiene facilities, indications for hand hygiene, compliance with(More)
Device-associated healthcare-acquired infections (DA-HAI) pose a threat to patient safety, particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU). We report the results of the International Infection Control Consortium (INICC) study conducted in Turkey from August 2003 through October 2012. A DA-HAI surveillance study in 63 adult, paediatric ICUs and neonatal ICUs(More)
A prospective study of postoperative wound infection was carried out over a two year period in Cumhuriyet University Medicine Faculty Hospital in Sivas, Turkey. Examination of wounds, with cultures of all suspicious wounds using standard bacteriological methods was performed. Of a total of 4146 surgical wounds, 188 (4.53%), became infected. High infection(More)
We conducted a prospective study of targeted surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in 13 intensive care units (ICUs) from 12 Turkish hospitals, all members of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). The definitions of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies associated nosocomial infections with increased hospital costs due to extra days in hospital, staff time, extra investigations and drug treatment. The cost of antibiotic treatment for these infections represents a significant part of hospital expenditure. This prospective observational study was designed to determine the daily(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine epidemiology and risk factors for nosocomial infections in intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN. Prospective incidence survey. SETTING An adult general ICU in a university hospital in western Turkey. PATIENTS All patients who stayed more than 48 h in ICU during a 2-year period (2000-2001). MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS The study(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide, responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality from chronic liver disease. Conflicting findings on the possible association between HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity, indicating inactive HBsAg carrier status, and atherosclerosis have been reported. Platelet(More)