Ata Nevzat Yalçin

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We conducted a prospective study of targeted surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in 13 intensive care units (ICUs) from 12 Turkish hospitals, all members of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). The definitions of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance(More)
To determine epidemiology and risk factors for nosocomial infections in intensive care unit (ICU). Prospective incidence survey. An adult general ICU in a university hospital in western Turkey. All patients who stayed more than 48 h in ICU during a 2-year period (2000–2001). The study included 434 patients (7394 patient-days). A total of 225 infections were(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) which is an important part of all nosocomial infections in intensive care unit (ICU) is a serious illness with substantial morbidity and mortality, and increases costs of hospital care. We aimed to evaluate costs and risk factors for VAP in adult ICU. METHODS This is a-three year retrospective case-control(More)
OBJECTIVES With increasing numbers of HIV/AIDS patients, physicians, dentists, and nurses taking care of these patients should have sufficient knowledge of the disease, and their attitude and behaviour should be proper. In our study, we aimed to examine the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among students from a medicine faculty, dentistry faculty, and(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide, responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality from chronic liver disease. Conflicting findings on the possible association between HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity, indicating inactive HBsAg carrier status, and atherosclerosis have been reported. Platelet(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence of device-associated nosocomial infections in medical-surgical intensive care units (MS ICUs) in a university hospital in Turkey and compare it with National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) system rates. DESIGN Prospective surveillance study during a period of 27 months. Device utilization ratios and(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies associated nosocomial infections with increased hospital costs due to extra days in hospital, staff time, extra investigations and drug treatment. The cost of antibiotic treatment for these infections represents a significant part of hospital expenditure. This prospective observational study was designed to determine the daily(More)
OBJECTIVE The hands of healthcare workers often transmit pathogens causing nosocomial infections. This study examined compliance with handwashing and glove use. SETTING A university-affiliated hospital. DESIGN Compliance was observed covertly. Healthcare workers' demographics, hand hygiene facilities, indications for hand hygiene, compliance with(More)
Nosocomial infections constitute an important health problem with morbidity, and high mortality, prolongation of hospital stay, and increased costs of direct patient care. This study was conducted in Hacettepe University Hospital in order to determine the cost of nosocomial infections and length of hospitalization by matching infected patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae isolated in Turkey as part of Survey Of Antibiotic Resistance, a surveillance programme in the Africa and Middle East region examining the antimicrobial susceptibility of key bacterial pathogens involved in community-acquired(More)