Aswini Kumar

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PURPOSE The frequency of mycotic infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses has been increasing over the past three decades. Apart from the common causes of fungal rhinosinusitis such as Aspergillus species and Penicillium species, there have been reports of rare and unusual fungi isolated from India and other countries. OBJECTIVE The objective of this(More)
A case of cellulitis of the left lateral side of the face caused by the zygomycete Apophysomyces elegans in a healthy male following a road traffic accident is reported. The contaminated soil was the source of fungus. Broad aseptate fungal hyphae were seen in the necrosed tissues. Extensive tissue debridement and treatment with amphotericin B were not(More)
The isoprenoid pathway related cascade was assessed in trisomy 21 and Huntington's disease. Membrane Na+-K+ ATPase activity, serum magnesium and ubiquinone were decreased while HMG CoA reductase activity, serum digoxin and dolichol levels were increased in both the disorders. There were increased levels of tryptophan catabolites (nicotine, strychnine,(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was conducted to assess the role of hypothalamic digoxin in neuropsychiatric and systemic disorders. A hypothesis regarding the central role of hypothalamic digoxin in neuroimmunoendocrine integration is proposed. METHODOLOGY Blood samples from patients of CNS glioma, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosis, subacute(More)
BACKGROUND Meningeal tuberculosis (TB) has higher mortality compared to other forms of central nervous system TB. However, data on predictors of mortality is limited. AIMS To determine the predictors of mortality in patients with meningeal TB. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study retrospectively analyzed the data of patients admitted with a diagnosis of(More)
There are several reports in literature implicating cholesterol metabolism in the pathogenesis of neuronal degenerations, oncogenesis, functional neuropsychiatric disorders and multiple sclerosis. Biosynthesis of cholesterol takes place by the isoprenoid pathway, which also produces digoxin, an inhibitor of membrane Na(+)-K+ ATPase. Inhibition of this(More)
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a potentially fatal complication of Adult-Onset Still's disease (Still's disease). Whereas an increasing body of evidence supports interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockade as a promising treatment for Still's disease, whether it is therapeutic for MAS associated with Still's disease remains unclear. We report a 34-year-old(More)
The isoprenoid pathway produces three key metabolites--digoxin (membrane sodium-potassium ATPase inhibitor and regulator of neurotransmitter/aminoacid transport), dolichol (regulates N-glycosylation of proteins) and ubiquinone (free radical scavenger). This was assessed in patients with essential hypertension, familial hypotension, acute coronary artery(More)
INTRODUCTION The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP), the State-run Tuberculosis Control Initiative of the Government of India, recommends intermittent thrice a week Directly Observed Treatment Short course (DOTS) both during intensive phase and continuation phase for a total of nine months for tubercular meningitis. However, most recent(More)
The hypothalamus produces digoxin, an endogenous membrane Na+-K+ ATPase inhibitor and regulator of neurotransmission. Digoxin being a steroidal glycoside, is synthesised by the isoprenoid pathway. In view of the reports of elevated digoxin levels in metabolic syndrome X with high body mass index, the isoprenoid pathway mediated biochemical cascade was(More)