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Labelled cells were consistently observed in the medial cortex of the lizard brain after i.p. injections of tritiated thymidine (5 microCi/g b. wt.), 1, 7, 18 or 28 days of survival and posterior autoradiographic evaluation. In 3 groups of specimens (postnatal, young and adult) of the species Podarcis hispanica, after one day of survival, labelled cells(More)
The lizard medial cortex (a zone homologous to the mammalian fascia dentata) shows delayed postnatal neurogenesis throughout the lifetime of these animals. Experimental lesioning of this area is followed by neuronal regeneration, a unique phenomenon in the adult amniote telencephalon. The differential effects of temperature and photoperiod on postnatal(More)
Double labelling autoradiography-HRP experiments were performed to examine whether late generated neurons in the medial cortex of lizards develop and send axons to their targets. One to two months after receiving a series of tritiated thymidine ([3H]T) injections to label recently generated neurons, lizards (Podarcis hispanica) were subjected to a HRP(More)
This study reports that lesion of the adult lizard medial cortex (lizard hippocampal fascia dentata) induces a short period of intensive neurogenesis which we have termed reactive neurogenesis; a cell proliferation event that occurs in the subjacent ependyma. Specific lesion of the medial cortex was achieved by intraperitoneal injection of the neurotoxin(More)
Cells considered to be migratory in the cerebral cortex of adult lizards are ultrastructurally of two types. Nuclei in the first type have highly dispersed chromatin, creating a spongy appearance, whereas in the second type the chromatin is irregularly clumped. Both types of cells are closely associated with processes of radial ependymal glia cells, which(More)
Gold-toned bipyramidal neurons of the dorsomedial cortex of Lacerta have been studied using light and electron microscopy. The spines have been classified as stubby, mushroom-shaped or thin. Thin and mushroom-shaped spines are only found on proximal and intermediate dendritic segments, whereas stubby spines are found on distal dendritic segments. A Timm's(More)
The medial cerebral cortex of lizards, an area homologous to the hippocampal fascia dentata, shows delayed postnatal neurogenesis, i.e., cells in the medial cortex ependyma proliferate and give rise to immature neurons, which migrate to the cell layer. There, recruited neurons differentiate and give rise to zinc containing axons directed to the rest of(More)
Young, adult and presumed old specimens of the tropical lizard Tropidurus hispidus, living in an almost steady warm habitat, have been the subjects of a 5-bromodeoxiuridine immunocytochemical study to label proliferating brain cells. All animals showed abundant 5-bromodeoxiuridine-labeled nuclei in the ependyma of their telencephalic lateral ventricles,(More)
Synaptic zinc ions released during synaptic transmission interact with pre- and postsynaptic neuroreceptors, thus modulating neurotransmission. It is likely that they have to be efficiently cleared from the extracellular milieu to assure subsequent synaptic events. Both neurons and glia are assumed to participate in this clearance by mechanisms that are not(More)
The lizard medial cortex, a region homologous to the mammalian dentate gyrus, shows postnatal neurogenesis and the surprising ability to replace its neurons after being lesioned specifically with the neurotoxin 3-acetylpyridine. As the polysialylated form of the neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) is expressed during neuronal migration and(More)