Asunción Martínez-Antón

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BACKGROUND Mucus hyper-secretion is a feature of several airways diseases such as chronic rhinosinusitis, asthma, and cystic fibrosis (CF). Since mucins are major components of mucus, the knowledge of their distribution and regulation in nasal tissues is likely to improve mucus hyper-secretion therapy. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate and(More)
Leukotriene receptor antagonists, such as montelukast (MK), are currently used to treat rhinitis and asthma, but their anti-inflammatory role in eosinophil inflammation is not well understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of MK on an in vitro model of upper-airway eosinophil inflammation by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines from both(More)
BACKGROUND Poor response of nasal polyps to glucocorticoids (GCs) may be because of abnormal expression of GC receptors (GR) alpha and beta or to downregulation of GRalpha. We aimed to evaluate the in vivo regulation of GR isoforms in GC-treated nasal polyps and to assess the relationship between clinical response to GCs and GR levels. METHODS Patients(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To investigate the effect of oral plus intranasal corticosteroid (CS) treatment on nasal polyp (NP) mucosa remodeling from patients with severe chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). STUDY DESIGN Case series, retrospective study. METHODS Patients (n = 18) with severe CRSwNP were treated with oral prednisone for 2 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Primary human airway epithelial cells cultured in an air-liquid interface (ALI) develop a well-differentiated epithelium. However, neither characterization of mucociliar differentiation overtime nor the inflammatory function of reconstituted nasal polyp (NP) epithelia have been described. OBJECTIVES 1st) To develop and characterize the(More)
BACKGROUND Data on the expression and role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases [TIMPs]) in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNPs) are contradictory, partly because or the use of different techniques of tissue analysis. The aim of this study was to establish a(More)
BACKGROUND Mucus hypersecretion is a hallmark of nasal polyposis (NP). Corticosteroids (CS) are first-line treatment for NP, decreasing their size and inflammatory component. However, their effect on mucin production is not well-understood. The aim of this (pilot) study was to investigate CS effect on mucin expression in NP. METHODS Patients were(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vivo regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 in nasal polyps. In total, 65 patients with nasal polyps were randomly (3:1) treated with (n = 51; 33 with asthma) or without (n = 14) oral prednisone and intranasal budesonide for 2 weeks plus intranasal budesonide for 10 additional weeks. Biopsies were obtained at(More)
Rhinitis and rhinosinusitis are often associated with airway diseases such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, and nasal polyposis. In these diseases, the alteration of both the quantity and quality of mucus results in an impaired mucociliary clearance, and this produces, in extreme cases, the airway obstruction. Mucins are the major component in mucus and are(More)
BACKGROUND Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) and cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs) are important immune mediators, often found concomitantly at sites of inflammation. Although some of the leukotriene-mediated actions are distinctive (e.g., bronchial constriction for cysLTs), many activities such as leukocyte recruitment to tissues and amplification of inflammatory(More)