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The aim of this work was to analyse the evolution of the ubiquitin-proteasome, the myogenic regulatory factors, and the IGF-I system during the development of experimental arthritis. Arthritis was induced by adjuvant injection and rats were killed 10, 15 and 22 days later. Gastrocnemius was progressively atrophied in arthritic rats. Arthritis induced a(More)
The effect of chronic noise stress on the response of anterior pituitary hormones to the same or to another stressor (forced swimming) was studied in adult male Wistar rats. Both acute stressors increased corticosterone, prolactin, LH and TSH secretion and inhibited GH secretion. Previous chronic exposure to noise reduced corticosterone response to the same(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid that has anti-inflammatory and anticachectic actions. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether EPA administration is able to prevent an arthritis-induced decrease in body weight and muscle wasting in rats. Arthritis was induced by intradermal injection of Freund's adjuvant; 3 days(More)
The effect of graded levels of stressor intensity on anterior pituitary hormones was studied in adult male rats. Corticosterone, considered as a reflection of ACTH release, and prolactin responses showed a good correlation with the intensity of the stressors. On the contrary, neither LH, GH nor TSH release showed a parallelism with the intensity of the(More)
Chronic arthritis induces hypermetabolism and cachexia. Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal hormone that has been proposed as a treatment to prevent cachexia. The aim of this work was to examine the effect of administration of the ghrelin agonist growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) to arthritic rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with Freund's adjuvant,(More)
Fawn-Hooded (FH) rats show central and peripheral abnormalities in serotoninergic functions and have attracted attention as an animal model of some pathologies, including depression and hypertension. In addition, these rats show a reduced growth rate. As the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been implicated in both depression and hypertension,(More)
The aim of this work was to study the effect of chronic activation of the immune system on the somatotropic axis. Accordingly, the changes in growth hormone (GH) secretion, circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in response to endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration were examined in adult male Wistar(More)
From about 10 to 36 h after superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCGx), peripheral sympathetic nerve terminals in the median eminence degenerate, nerve ending content is released, and a transient period of increased postsynaptic activity ensues. After this time, an irreversible, paralytic phase is established in the denervated territory. The present experiment(More)
While it is well known that sepsis inhibits serum IGF-I and its gene expression in the liver, the effect on pituitary GH and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is poorly understood. The GH-IGF-I-IGFBP-3 response to different doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration has been investigated in adult male rats. Two experiments were performed, administration(More)