Asunción López-Calderón

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Chronic arthritis induces hypermetabolism and cachexia. Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal hormone that has been proposed as a treatment to prevent cachexia. The aim of this work was to examine the effect of administration of the ghrelin agonist growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) to arthritic rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with Freund's adjuvant,(More)
Adjuvant arthritis is an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis that decreases liver and circulating IGF-I as well as skeletal muscle mass. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether IGF-I administration was able to prevent the effect of arthritis on body weight and on two skeletal muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus. On day 4 after adjuvant injection,(More)
It has been reported that growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2), a ghrelin receptor agonist, has an anti-inflammatory effect. We investigated whether this GH secretagogue attenuates liver injury in LPS-treated rats. Wistar rats were simultaneously injected (ip) with LPS (1 mg/kg) and/or GHRP-2 (100 microg/kg). Serum levels of aspartate and(More)
The effect of graded levels of stressor intensity on anterior pituitary hormones was studied in adult male rats. Corticosterone, considered as a reflection of ACTH release, and prolactin responses showed a good correlation with the intensity of the stressors. On the contrary, neither LH, GH nor TSH release showed a parallelism with the intensity of the(More)
A hypothalamic site of action has been hypothesized for the inhibitory effect of chronic stress on gonadotrophin secretion. The aim of the present study was to examine the temporal changes in hypothalamic LHRH content and gonadotrophin secretion during restraint stress, and the pituitary responsiveness to LHRH stimulation in chronically stressed rats. Adult(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid that has anti-inflammatory and anticachectic actions. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether EPA administration is able to prevent an arthritis-induced decrease in body weight and muscle wasting in rats. Arthritis was induced by intradermal injection of Freund's adjuvant; 3 days(More)
Chronic arthritis induces cachexia associated with an inhibition of the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system and an activation of the E3 ubiquitin-ligating enzymes muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx) and muscle Ring finger 1 (MuRF1) in the skeletal muscle. The aim of this work was to study the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in chronic(More)
Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory illness that induces cachexia, which has a direct impact on morbidity and mortality. Fenofibrate, a selective PPARα activator prescribed to treat human dyslipidemia, has been reported to decrease inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis patients. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether fenofibrate is able to ameliorate(More)
Adjuvant-induced arthritis is a chronic inflammatory illness that induces muscle wasting and decreases circulating IGF1. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors α agonist, have anti-inflammatory actions and ameliorate muscle wasting in arthritic rats. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether EPA and(More)
The aim of this work was to analyse the evolution of the ubiquitin-proteasome, the myogenic regulatory factors, and the IGF-I system during the development of experimental arthritis. Arthritis was induced by adjuvant injection and rats were killed 10, 15 and 22 days later. Gastrocnemius was progressively atrophied in arthritic rats. Arthritis induced a(More)