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Chronic arthritis induces hypermetabolism and cachexia. Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal hormone that has been proposed as a treatment to prevent cachexia. The aim of this work was to examine the effect of administration of the ghrelin agonist growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) to arthritic rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with Freund's adjuvant,(More)
Chronic arthritis induces cachexia associated with an inhibition of the growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system and an activation of the E3 ubiquitin-ligating enzymes muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx) and muscle Ring finger 1 (MuRF1) in the skeletal muscle. The aim of this work was to study the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in chronic(More)
It has been reported that growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2), a ghrelin receptor agonist, has an anti-inflammatory effect. We investigated whether this GH secretagogue attenuates liver injury in LPS-treated rats. Wistar rats were simultaneously injected (ip) with LPS (1 mg/kg) and/or GHRP-2 (100 microg/kg). Serum levels of aspartate and(More)
The aim of this work was to analyse the evolution of the ubiquitin-proteasome, the myogenic regulatory factors, and the IGF-I system during the development of experimental arthritis. Arthritis was induced by adjuvant injection and rats were killed 10, 15 and 22 days later. Gastrocnemius was progressively atrophied in arthritic rats. Arthritis induced a(More)
We tested whether endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) inhibits IGF-I gene expression in hepatocytes and the possible role of Kupffer cells and nitric oxide (NO) in this effect. LPS decreased IGF-I mRNA in hepatocyte cultures and increased the nitrite + nitrate levels in the culture medium. Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between the IGF-I mRNA(More)
Adjuvant arthritis is an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis that decreases liver and circulating IGF-I as well as skeletal muscle mass. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether IGF-I administration was able to prevent the effect of arthritis on body weight and on two skeletal muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus. On day 4 after adjuvant injection,(More)
The aim of this work was to examine the effect of different periods of restraint on the humoral and cellular immune functions in adult male rats. Short restraint stress (2 h over 2 consecutive days) enhanced the primary serum antibody response to sheep red blood cells. The enhancement of this humoral response was dependent on the restraint period, since(More)
The effect of chronic noise stress on the response of anterior pituitary hormones to the same or to another stressor (forced swimming) was studied in adult male Wistar rats. Both acute stressors increased corticosterone, prolactin, LH and TSH secretion and inhibited GH secretion. Previous chronic exposure to noise reduced corticosterone response to the same(More)
Gram-negative bacterial infection or treatment of animals with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a catabolic state with proteolysis, liver injury and an inhibition of the insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) system. The purpose of this work was to elucidate the role of Kupffer cells in LPS-induced inhibition of the IGF-I/IGF-binding protein-3(More)