Asuka Baba

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BACKGROUND Anti-allergic drugs, such as tranilast and ketotifen, inhibit the release of chemokines from mast cells. However, we know little about their direct effects on the exocytotic process of mast cells. Since exocytosis in mast cells can be monitored electrophysiologically by changes in the whole-cell membrane capacitance (Cm), the absence of such(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Salicylate causes drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia. However, some clinical studies indicate the presence of additional mechanisms in the drug-induced thrombocytopenia, by which the platelet production from megakaryocytes may directly be affected. Since salicylate is amphiphilic and preferentially partitioned into the lipid bilayers of(More)
BACKGROUND Since lymphocytes predominantly express delayed rectifier K(+)-channels (Kv1.3) that trigger lymphocyte activation, statins, which exert immunosuppressive effects, would affect the channel currents. METHODS Employing the patch-clamp technique in murine thymocytes, we examined the effects of statins on Kv1.3-channel currents and the membrane(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Besides its anti-allergic properties as a histamine receptor antagonist, olopatadine stabilizes mast cells by inhibiting the release of chemokines. Since olopatadine bears amphiphilic features and is preferentially partitioned into the lipid bilayers of the plasma membrane, it would induce some morphological changes in mast cells and thus(More)
AIM Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), especially those undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis therapy. Since the peritoneum is a major site of mast cell accumulation, and since mast cells are known to facilitate the progression of organ fibrosis, they would also contribute to the pathogenesis of(More)
BACKGROUND Lymphocytes predominantly express delayed rectifier K(+)-channels (Kv1.3) in their plasma membranes, and these channels play crucial roles in the lymphocyte activation and proliferation. Since diltiazem and verapamil, which are highly lipophilic Ca(2+) channel blockers (CCBs), exert relatively stronger immunomodulatory effects than the other(More)
Microparticles produced from the membrane surface of adipocytes promote lipid biosynthesis and angiogenesis in adipose tissues. Thus, they are deeply associated with the onset of metabolic disorders. Despite our understanding of their roles in physiological or pathological responses, we know little about the mechanism by which microparticles are produced(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Leukocytes, such as lymphocytes and macrophages, predominantly express delayed rectifier K(+) channels (Kv1.3) in their plasma membranes. In our previous study, the overexpression of these channels in leukocytes was strongly associated with their proliferation in kidneys and the progression of renal fibrosis in advanced-stage chronic renal(More)
Chlorpromazine often causes severe and persistent thrombocytopenia. Several clinical studies have suggested the presence of an as-yet-unknown mechanism in this drug-induced thrombocytopenia, by which the platelet production from megakaryocytes may directly be affected. As we previously demonstrated in rat peritoneal mast cells or adipocytes, chlorpromazine(More)
BACKGROUND Macrolides, such as clarithromycin, have antiallergic properties. Since exocytosis in mast cells is detected electrophysiologically via changes in membrane capacitance (Cm), the absence of such changes due to the drug indicates its mast cell-stabilizing effect. METHODS Employing the whole-cell patch clamp technique in rat peritoneal mast cells,(More)