Astushi Hori

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Metastasis is a major cause of death in cancer patients and involves a multistep process including detachment of cancer cells from a primary cancer, invasion of surrounding tissue, spread through circulation, re-invasion and proliferation in distant organs. KiSS-1 is a human metastasis suppressor gene, that suppresses metastases of human melanomas and(More)
PURPOSE Despite use of the ketogenic diet (KD) for >75 years its effectiveness or mechanism of action has been examined in few animal studies. Using the kindling model of epilepsy, we tested the anticonvulsant effectiveness and behavioral consequences of an experimental KD in adult rats. METHODS Rats fully kindled from the amygdala were divided into(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term effects of two widely used antiepileptic medications, valproate and phenobarbital, on learning and behavior in the kainic acid (KA) model of epilepsy. BACKGROUND Prior clinical and animal studies have demonstrated that phenobarbital administered during development may result in subsequent cognitive impairment. It is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There have been few reports of pontine syndromes secondary to paramedian pontine infarctions. To clarify the clinicotopographical correlation and prognosis of paramedian pontine infarct syndromes, we analyzed the clinical signs and their association with MRI findings. METHODS We studied 49 patients with acute paramedian pontine(More)
A 13-year-old boy was the victim of attempted strangulation. His condition had returned to normal by the sixth day after the assault; however, from the seventh day, choreoathetosis, dystonia, and marked pseudobulbar paralysis developed in the boy. The computed tomographic scans and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images that were obtained at this time(More)
In mammals, multiple thermostats in several brain areas, e.g. the preoptic area and anterior hypothalamus (POAH), may regulate core temperature. In these areas, warm-sensitive (WS) and cold-sensitive (CS) neurons have been recorded. In our previous study, we proposed that primary WS and CS neurons act as multiple thermostats having threshold temperatures as(More)
We evaluated neuronal impairment of adult moyamoya patients by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and cerebral perfusion scintigraphy. After evaluating two methods for compensating relaxation times, we selected a long TR, short TE sequence to achieve better reproducibility. The cerebral blood flow (CBF) value was measured by scintigraphy following(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a potent angiogenic mitogen. To elucidate the effect of bFGF inhibitors in vivo, anti-bFGF immunoneutralizing monoclonal antibody was prepared. One monoclonal antibody against human bFGF, obtained by cell fusion and designated 3H3, completely inhibited bFGF-induced proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
Four types of rare human spinal cord duplications are reported. (1) Dimyelia, a complete duplication of the spinal cord, was observed in a female stillborn dicephalus dibrachius. Histologically the two spinal cords showed symmetric medial hemihypoplasia that included the roots. (2) Diplomyelia, an isolated accessory spinal cord without roots at the ventral(More)
PURPOSE While there is increasing evidence that the adverse effects of prolonged seizures are less pronounced in the immature than in the mature brain, there have been few investigations of the long-term effects of recurrent seizures during development. This study examined the effects of multiple administrations of the convulsant kainic acid (KA) on seizure(More)