Astuko Okubo

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The inhibitory activity of angiotensin I-converting enzyme in milk increased during fermentation with the Calpis sour milk starter containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two kinds of peptides inhibitory to angiotensin I-converting enzyme were purified from the sour milk by using four-step HPLC. The amino acid sequences of these(More)
Water extracts of the mycelial culture and fruiting bodies of Agaricus blazei Murill were fractionated by ethanol precipitation using various ethanol concentrations. Original water extracts from mycelia (Fraction A-0) and fruiting bodies (Fraction B-0) induced TNF-alpha secretion by macrophages derived from rat bone marrow. Fractions B-4 and B-5 obtained(More)
The photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans IL106 can grow in high osmolarity. The accumulation of intracellular inorganic ions and organic solutes in cells grown in a synthetic medium containing different concentrations of NaCl was examined. Together with potassium ion, trehalose was the major organic osmoprotectant and its(More)
The salt-mediated-stress response in Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans IL 106 was investigated by culturing cells in the presence and in the absence of NaCl in growth media. Fractionation of cells followed by SDS-PAGE and 2D-PAGE revealed an increase in the levels of membrane proteins of 39 and 50 kDa and a decrease in the level of a membrane(More)
We examined the effect of magnetic force on differentiation of cultured human osteoblasts. Magnetic microparticles (MPs) were introduced into the cytoplasm of a human osteoblast cell line and the cells were cultured in a magnetic field (MF) in group MP-MF. Three groups of controls were used: cells without MPs were cultured out of MF (group C), cells without(More)
The gene encoding dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) reductase, which contains a molybdenum cofactor, of the phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans was isolated using an oligonucleotide probe, which was synthesized based on a internal amino acid sequence of the purified enzyme. The DMSO reductase gene coded for 822 amino acids (2466 base(More)
The simultaneous determination of betaines, the key compounds for osmotic regulation in plants, was established by capillary electrophoresis (CE). After four betaines, glycine betaine (GB), beta-alanine betaine (AB), proline betaine (PB), and 2-hydroxyproline betaine (HPB), were esterified with p-bromophenacyl bromide, the esters were electrophoresed in 100(More)
Inhibition of the infectivity and cytopathic effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) by the immunoactive fractions obtained from LEM, which is an extract of the culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia, is reported. A purified fraction, EPS4, obtained from LEM by ethanol precipitation followed by hydrophobic chromatography and gel filtration(More)
The nitrous oxide reductase from the photodenitrifier, Rhodobacter sphaeroides f. sp. denitrificans, has been purified. The enzyme is composed of two identical subunits of 66 kDa, and contains four copper atoms per subunit. Copper supplementation of the medium resulted in a 3.5-fold increase in the enzyme yield with doubly enhanced specific activity. The(More)