Astuko Asaka

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The Pax6 gene plays an important role in eye morphogenesis throughout the animal kingdom. The Pax6 gene and its homologue could form ectopic eyes by targeted expression in Drosophila and Xenopus. Thus, this gene is a master gene for the eye morphogenesis at least in these animals. In the early development of the vertebrate eye, Pax6 is required for the(More)
The vertebrate retina has an area where visual cells are closely packed for proper vision that is known as a fovea, an area centralis or a visual streak. The molecular mechanism that regulates the formation of these structures and visual cell gradients is unknown. The transcription factor Pax6 is a master regulator of eye development. A Pax6 isoform that(More)
Subjects were 189 twin pairs, 165 MZ and 24 same-sexed DZ, who entered the junior high school affiliated to Tokyo University (sample T), and 93 twin pairs, 71 MZ and 22 same-sexed DZ, who were registered at Kinki University (sample K). The zygosity was previously identified by many genetic markers, and this study aimed at zygosity diagnosis by(More)
Subjects were 74 twin pairs, 61 MZs and 13 same-sexed DZs who entered the High School affiliated with Tokyo University, Japan. Their mothers also participated. The twins' zygosity was previously identified by many genetic markers. This study aimed at clarifying the effectiveness of zygosity diagnosis by questionnaires distributed to twins' mothers. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and types of dementia in centenarians and to examine whether the ApoE epsilon 4 allele has significant impact on the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the population. DESIGN Cross-sectional study and a 6-month prospective study. SETTING Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. PARTICIPANTS Forty-seven centenarians(More)
We have demonstrated an association between apolipoprotein E (apoE) gene polymorphisms and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in 163 Japanese patients by means of PCR. We found a significant increase in risk of nonfamilial AD for apoE allele epsilon4 in these individuals; this trend decreases with the increase in onset age. In centenarians, the distribution of apoE(More)
We identified pepsinogen C (PGC) gene polymorphisms by means of PCR, which amplified DNA in the region within the intron between exons 7 and 8, and by 6% polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Six alleles were found in a Japanese population. The frequencies of these alleles in 408 unrelated Japanese individuals were 0.074, 0.026, 0.335, 0.237, 0.016 and 0.314,(More)
The Drosophila eyes absent gene ( eya ) is involved in the formation of compound eyes. Flies with loss-of-function mutations of this gene develop no eyes and form the ectopic eye in the antennae and the ventral zone of the head on target expression. A highly conserved homo-logous gene in various invertebrates and vertebrates has been shown to function in(More)