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In a previous study, we used the genome of serogroup B Meningococcus to identify novel vaccine candidates. One of these molecules, GNA33, is well conserved among Meningococcus B strains, other Meningococcus serogroups and Gonococcus and induces bactericidal antibodies as a result of being a mimetic antigen of the PorA epitope P1.2. GNA33 encodes a 48-kDa(More)
Construction of a malE-ampD gene fusion allowed purification of biologically active fusion protein by affinity chromatography. The cloned malE-ampD gene fusion complemented a chromosomal ampD mutation. Purified MalE-AmpD fusion protein was found to have murein amidase activity with a pronounced specificity for 1,6-anhydromuropeptides, the characteristic(More)
The binding of the essential cell division protein FtsN of Escherichia coli to the murein (peptidoglycan) sacculus was studied. Soluble truncated variants of FtsN, including the complete periplasmic part of the protein as well as a variant containing only the C-terminal 77 amino acids, did bind to purified murein sacculi isolated from wild-type cells. FtsN(More)
The proteasome forms the core of the protein quality control system in archaea and eukaryotes and also occurs in one bacterial lineage, the Actinobacteria. Access to its proteolytic compartment is controlled by AAA ATPases, whose N-terminal domains (N domains) are thought to mediate substrate recognition. The N domains of an archaeal proteasomal ATPase,(More)
A membrane-bound lytic transglycosylase (Mlt) has been solubilized in the presence of 2% Triton X-100 containing 0.5 M NaCl from membranes of an Escherichia coli mutant that carries a deletion in the slt gene coding for a 70-kDa soluble lytic transglycosylase (Slt70). The enzyme was purified by a four-step procedure including anion-exchange (HiLoad(More)
N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidases are widely distributed among bacteria. However, in Escherichia coli, only one periplasmic amidase has been described until now, which is suggested to play a role in murein recycling. Here, we report that three amidases, named AmiA, B and C, exist in E. coli and that they are involved in splitting of the murein septum(More)
The multiplicity of murein hydrolases found in most bacteria presents an obstacle to demonstrating the necessity of these potentially autolytic enzymes. Therefore, Escherichia coli mutants with deletions in multiple murein hydrolases, including lytic transglycosylases, amidases, and DD-endopeptidases, were constructed. Even a mutant from which seven(More)
The first gene of a family of prokaryotic proteases with a specificity for L,D-configured peptide bonds has been identified in Escherichia coli. The gene named ldcA encodes a cytoplasmic L, D-carboxypeptidase, which releases the terminal D-alanine from L-alanyl-D-glutamyl-meso-diaminopimelyl-D-alanine containing turnover products of the cell wall polymer(More)
Trimeric autotransporter adhesins (TAAs) are a major class of proteins by which pathogenic proteobacteria adhere to their hosts. Prominent examples include Yersinia YadA, Haemophilus Hia and Hsf, Moraxella UspA1 and A2, and Neisseria NadA. TAAs also occur in symbiotic and environmental species and presumably represent a general solution to the problem of(More)
The interaction of murein hydrolases and synthases was studied by affinity chromatography. The lytic transglycosylases Slt70 and MltB of E. coli were purified and covalently linked to CNBr-activated Sepharose. Membrane extracts were analyzed for proteins that interact with the immobilized murein hydrolases. Slt70-Sepharose was found to retain the PBPs 1b,(More)