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Excessive release of inflammatory/pain mediators from peripheral sensory afferents renders nerve endings hyper-responsive, causing central sensitization and chronic pain. Herein, the basal release of proinflammatory calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) was shown to increase the excitability of trigeminal sensory neurons in brainstem slices via CGRP1(More)
We determined the affinities of eight novel histamine H(3)-receptor ligands (ethers and carbamates) for H(3)-receptor binding sites and their agonistic/antagonistic effects in two functional H(3)-receptor models. The compounds differ from histamine in that the ethylamine chain is replaced by a propyloxy chain; in the three ethers mentioned below (FUB 335,(More)
The effects of stress (restraint plus tail shock) on hippocampus-dependent trace eyeblink conditioning and hippocampal excitability were examined in C57BL/6 male mice. The results indicate that the stressor significantly increased the concentration of circulating corticosterone, the amount and rate of learning relative to nonstressed conditioned mice, and(More)
Genomic DNA analysis revealed that the coding region of the rat histamine H3 receptor comprises three exons interrupted by two introns of approximately 1 kb each. Several H3 receptor mRNA variants were identified by PCR and cDNA cloning and sequencing. Four variants generated by pseudo-intron retention/deletion at the level of the third intracellular loop(More)
Two subtypes of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) receptor, CRF(1) and CRF(2), differentially modulate brain functions such as anxiety and memory. To facilitate the analysis of their differential involvement, we developed a CRF(1)-specific peptidic agonist by synthesis of chimeric peptides derived from human/rat CRF, ovine CRF (oCRF), and sauvagine(More)
Histamine H(3)-receptor antagonists of the proxifan series are described. The novel compounds possess a 4-(3-(phenoxy)propyl)-1H-imidazole structure and various functional groups, e.g., an oxime moiety, on the phenyl ring. Synthesis of the novel compounds and X-ray crystallography of one highly potent oxime derivative, named imoproxifan(More)
Histamine is a biogenic amine that plays an essential role in controlling many physiological functions, both in the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Most of these physiological effects are mediated through interactions with four histamine receptor subtypes, all of which are members of the larger family of rhodopsin-like(More)
Hyperexcitability disorders of cholinergically innervated muscles are treatable with botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) A. The seven serotypes (A-G) potently block neurotransmission by binding to presynaptic receptors, undergoing endocytosis, transferring to the cytosol, and inactivating proteins essential for vesicle fusion. Although BoNT/A and BoNT/E cleave(More)
Following the dioxin crisis of 1999, several studies were conducted to assess the impact of this crisis on the dioxin body burden in the Belgian population. The Scientific Institute of Public Health identified a population from whom plasma samples were available and from whom, during the follow up survey, plasma samples were obtained in 2000. In total, 496(More)
Novel branched N-alkylcarbamates and aliphatic ethers derived from 3-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)propanol were prepared. The compounds were investigated on two functional histamine H(3)-receptor assays. Some compounds displayed partial agonist activity on synaptosomes of rat brain cortex but behaved as pure competitive antagonists on the guinea pig ileum. Under in(More)