Astrid Lorenz

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Plants, as predominantly sessile organisms, have evolved complex detoxification pathways to deal with a diverse range of toxic chemicals. The elasticity of this stress response system additionally enables them to tackle relatively recently produced, novel, synthetic pollutants. One such compound is the explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). Large areas of(More)
The explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is a significant environmental pollutant that is both toxic and recalcitrant to degradation. Phytoremediation is being increasingly proposed as a viable alternative to conventional remediation technologies to clean up explosives-contaminated sites. Despite the potential of this technology, relatively little is known(More)
The explosive compounds hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) are widespread environmental contaminants commonly found as co-pollutants on military training ranges. TNT is a toxic carcinogen which remains tightly bound to the soil, whereas RDX is highly mobile leaching into groundwater and threatening drinking water(More)
 Abundant flavin binding sites have been found in membranes of plants and fungi. With flavin mononucleotide-agarose affinity columns, riboflavin-binding activity from microsomes of Cucurbita pepo L. hypocotyls was purified and identified as a specific PIP1-homologous protein of the aquaporin family. Sequences such as gi|2149955 in Phaseolus vulgaris, PIP1b(More)
The explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is a highly toxic and persistent environmental pollutant. Due to the scale of affected areas, one of the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly means of removing explosives pollution could be the use of plants. However, mechanisms of TNT phytotoxicity have been elusive. Here, we reveal that phytotoxicity(More)
Repeated use of the explosive compound hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) on military land has resulted in significant soil and groundwater pollution. Rates of degradation of RDX in the environment are low, and accumulated RDX, which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has determined is a possible human carcinogen, is now threatening(More)
Facultative heterochromatin occurs not only in certain animals in connection with sex determination but also in members of at least one plant genus,Gagea (Liliaceae s. str.), but here in the course of embryo sac development, fertilization, and endosperm formation. The present contribution intends to provide undebatable photographic and cytometric evidence,(More)
Explosives now contaminate millions of hectares of land in the US alone, with global levels of contamination difficult to fully assess. Understanding the biology behind the metabolism of these toxic compounds by microorganisms and plants is imperative for managing these pollutants in the environment. Towards this aim, recent studies have identified, and are(More)
Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is a serious environmental pollutant on military land. This compound is the most widely used explosive and pollution has arisen primarily as the result of military training, along with munition manufacturing and disassembly processes. This toxic explosive is recalcitrant to degradation in the environment and(More)
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