Astrid Hirschmann

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OBJECTIVE Mutations of BRAF, a downstream mediator of K-RAS, have been described in serous borderline tumors of the ovary. Data concerning other types of ovarian tumors are scarce. Therefore, we assessed KRAS and BRAF mutation in a series of more than 100 different ovarian tumors. METHODS Paraffin-embedded material, including invasive carcinomas,(More)
AIMS Although intraductal carcinoma has been demonstrated in intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CEPA), the morphological and genetic stages of transformation of pleomorphic adenoma (PA) to CEPA are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology of intracapsular CEPA. METHODS AND RESULTS The largest series of(More)
The paper is concerned with the question of whether and under what conditions active help systems with plan recognition components that have been developed in the environment of artificial intelligence research are able to prove their value in the real context of commercial application programs. The question is investigated using the development of the(More)
In previous studies, we have demonstrated a number of cytogenetic alterations in granulosa cell tumors (GCTs), especially on chromosomes X, 12, 14, and 22. However, little is known about specific loci on 14q, which could play an important role in tumor pathology. Therefore, we assessed four important genes in 30 GCTs using fluorescence-in situ-hybridization(More)
There is a need for predictive biomarkers that identify non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients most likely to respond to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. There are numerous potential candidates, although none has been proven in prospective clinical trials. The EGFR gene copy number evaluated by(More)
The endothelium is one of the largest cellular compartments of the human body and has a high proliferative potential. However, angiosarcomas are among the rarest malignancies. Despite this interesting contradiction, data on growth and angiogenesis control mechanisms of angiosarcomas are scarce. In this study of 19 angiosarcomas and 10 benign vascular(More)
BRAF V600E is an emerging drug target in lung cancer, but the clinical significance of non-V600 BRAF mutations in lung cancer and other malignancies is less clear. Here, we report the case of a patient with metastatic lung adenocarcinoma with BRAF G469L mutation refractory to vemurafenib. We calculated a structure model of this very rare type of mutated(More)
This study sought to evaluate a new combined gene and protein detection platform in the context of HER2 evaluation in breast and gastric carcinomas. HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and dual color in situ hybridization (Dual ISH) were combined on a single slide. Results were compared with conventional HER2 IHC and fluorescence ISH. Results from the gene and(More)