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Serum (IS) was obtained 0.5, 2, 4 or 6 h after inoculating s.c. six rabbits (approximately 2 kg) in each time period with 1 mg/kg of Tityus discrepans (Td) venom; the control was serum obtained from four rabbits 4 h after injecting them 1 ml s.c. of 0.9% NaCl. IS produced a transient (<25 min) rise in pulmonary artery pressure of isolated and perfused(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether alpha-adrenergic receptor agonists have a role in alveolar fluid reabsorption, via Na,K-ATPase, in the alveolar epithelium. Alveolar fluid reabsorption increased approximately twofold with increasing concentrations of norepinephrine (NE) as compared with control rats. Treatment with the nonselective(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Patients with persistent asthma have different inflammatory phenotypes. The electronic nose is a new technology capable of distinguishing volatile organic compound (VOC) breath-prints in exhaled breath. The aim of the study was to investigate the capacity of electronic nose breath-print analysis to discriminate between different(More)
BACKGROUND Near-fatal asthma (NFA) is a heterogeneous clinical entity and several profiles of patients have been described according to different clinical, pathophysiological and histological features. However, there are no previous studies that identify in a unbiased way--using statistical methods such as clusters analysis--different phenotypes of NFA.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the short- and long-term benefits of noninvasive home mechanical ventilation (NIHMV) in patients aged 65 and older who were eligible for this treatment. DESIGN AND SETTING This retrospective, comparative, longitudinal study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Barcelona (Spain). PATIENTS AND METHODS The study(More)
BACKGROUND The measurement of fractional nitric oxide concentration in exhaled breath (FeNO), a noninvasive indicator of airway inflammation, remains controversial as a tool to assess asthma control. Guidelines currently limit asthma control assessment to symptom and spirometry based appraisals such as the Asthma Control Questionnaire-7 (ACQ-7). We aimed at(More)
The use of Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) as a strategy of mechanical ventilation offers its advantages, such as improved oxygenation, without causing alveolar overstretching and barotrauma. We aim to investigate the effect of several levels of PEEP on barotrauma and, whether an optimal level of PEEP exists. Forty-eight New Zealand rabbits (2.5-3.5(More)
The effect of dopamine over pulmonary edema induced by PAF was studied. Thirty preparations of rabbit lungs were used: six control preparations (CP), six PAF preparations (PP) in which we injected a dose of 1 microg/kg of rabbit weight and eighteen dopamine preparations (DAP) divided in three groups of six pretreated with a dose of 1-5 (dopaminergic range),(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the general and specific utility in diagnosis and/or treatment of induced sputum (IS) inflammatory cell counts in routine clinical practice. METHODS Retrospective study of 171 patients referred for clinical sputum induction over a 1-year period in the pulmonology department of a referral hospital. Independent observers established(More)
Inflammatory cell counts in induced sputum from asthmatic patients partially correlate with respiratory physiology data. To identify and quantify these inflammatory components, microscopy has been useful but it is not without its limitations. Flow cytometry could be an alternative but still has underlying methodological difficulties. While passing airways,(More)