Astrid Behrends

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A novel type of denitrifying bacterium (strain HxN1) with the capacity to oxidize n-alkanes anaerobically with nitrate as the electron acceptor to CO(2) formed (1-methylpentyl)succinate (MPS) during growth on n-hexane as the only organic substrate under strict exclusion of air. Identification of MPS by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was based on(More)
The capacity of denitrifying bacteria for anaerobic utilization of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes) was investigated with n-alkanes of various chain lengths and with crude oil in enrichment cultures containing nitrate as electron acceptor. Three distinct types of denitrifying bacteria were isolated in pure culture. A strain (HxN1) with oval-shaped,(More)
Strain HxN1, a member of the Betaproteobacteria, can grow anaerobically by denitrification with n-alkanes. n-Alkanes are apparently activated by subterminal carbon addition to fumarate yielding (1-methylalkyl)succinates, the postulated enzyme being (1-methylalkyl)succinate synthase (Mas). Genes encoding this enzyme (mas) were searched for via proteins that(More)
Denitrifying bacteria were enriched from freshwater sediment with added nitrate as electron acceptor and crude oil as the only source of organic substrates. The enrichment cultures were used as laboratory model systems for studying the degradative potential of denitrifying bacteria with respect to crude oil constituents, and the phylogenetic affiliation of(More)
Pseudomonas lemoignei has five different polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) depolymerase genes (phaZ1 to phaZ5), which encode the extracellularly localized poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) depolymerases C, B, and D, poly(3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHV) depolymerase, and PHB depolymerase A, respectively. Four of the five genes (phaZ1 to phaZ4) have been cloned, and one of(More)
With an electron donor of a given redox potential, Edon, and the redox potential Ei of a reduction step (definition of which is originally based on a reversible reaction), the free energy change of an individual step is −∆Gi = ni F ∆Ei = ni F (Ei − Edon); F = 96,485 C mol (Faraday constant). The free energy change of the total reduction reaction is −∆Gtot =(More)
The anaerobic degradation pathway of the saturated hydrocarbon n-hexane in a denitrifying strain (HxN1) was examined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of derivatized extracts from cultures grown with unlabeled and deuterated substrate; several authentic standard compounds were included for comparison. The study was focused on possible reaction steps(More)
Binding of (i) purified wild-type poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) depolymerase PhaZ4 of Pseudomonas lemoignei, (ii) a purified truncated form of PhaZ4, which lacked 55 C-terminal amino acids and (iii) commercial lactate dehydrogenase to aqueous suspensions of PHB, chitin or cellulose was studied. Only the wild-type PHB depolymerase was specifically able to(More)
An anaerobic nitrate-reducing enrichment culture was established with a cyclic saturated petroleum hydrocarbon, cyclohexane, the fate of which in anoxic environments has been scarcely investigated. GC-MS showed cyclohexylsuccinate as a metabolite, in accordance with an anaerobic enzymatic activation of cyclohexane by carbon-carbon addition to fumarate.(More)
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