Astrid A A M Danen-van Oorschot

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The chicken anemia virus-derived protein Apoptin induces apoptosis specifically in human tumor and transformed cells and not in normal, untransformed cells. The cell killing activity correlates with a predominantly nuclear localization of Apoptin in tumor cells, whereas in normal cells, it is detected mainly in cytoplasmic structures. To explore the role of(More)
The chicken anemia virus protein apoptin induces a p53-independent, Bcl-2-insensitive type of apoptosis in various human tumor cells. Here, we show that, in vitro, apoptin fails to induce programmed cell death in normal lymphoid, dermal, epidermal, endothelial, and smooth-muscle cells. However, when normal cells are transformed they become susceptible to(More)
Hematopoiesis is tightly controlled by transcription regulatory networks, but how and when specific transcription factors control lineage commitment are still largely unknown. Within the hematopoietic stem cell (Lin(-)Sca-1(+)c-Kit(+)) compartment these lineage-specific transcription factors are expressed at low levels but are up-regulated with the process(More)
Apoptin, a protein encoded by an avian virus, induces apoptosis in various cultured human tumorigenic and/or transformed cell lines, e.g. in leukemia, lymphoma or EBV-transformed B cells. In such cells, Apoptin induces p53-independent apoptosis, and the proto-oncogene Bcl-2 accelerates this effect. The latter is surprising for, in general, Bcl-2 is known to(More)
BACKGROUND miRNAs regulate gene expression, and thus play an important role in critical cellular processes. Aberrant miRNA expression patterns have been found in various types of cancer. So far, information about the expression of miRNAs in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia is limited. PROCEDURE We studied expression of miR-29a, -155, -196a, and -196b by(More)
Apoptin, a protein from chicken anemia virus without an apparent cellular homologue, can induce apoptosis in mammalian cells. Its cytotoxicity is limited to transformed or tumor cells, making Apoptin a highly interesting candidate for cancer therapy. To elucidate Apoptin's mechanism of action, we have searched for binding partners in the human proteome.(More)
The chicken anaemia virus-derived protein apoptin is a tumour-specific cell-killing agent. It is biologically active as a highly stable, multimeric complex, consisting of 30-40 monomers. In tumour cells, but negligibly in normal cells, apoptin is imported into the nucleus prior to the induction of apoptosis. Immunoelectron microscopic data we report here(More)
The chicken anemia virus protein Apoptin has been shown to induce apoptosis in a large number of transformed and tumor cell lines, but not in primary cells. Whereas many other apoptotic stimuli (e.g., many chemotherapeutic agents and radiation) require functional p53 and are inhibited by Bcl-2, Apoptin acts independently of p53, and its activity is enhanced(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in the regulation of hematopoiesis and development of leukemia. Great interest emerged in modulating miRNA expression for therapeutic purposes. In order to identify miRNAs, which specifically suppress leukemic growth of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21), inv(16) or mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) rearrangement by(More)