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General intelligence is an important human quantitative trait that accounts for much of the variation in diverse cognitive abilities. Individual differences in intelligence are strongly associated with many important life outcomes, including educational and occupational attainments, income, health and lifespan. Data from twin and family studies are(More)
BACKGROUND Dichotic listening (DL) to consonant-vowel syllables is frequently used in clinical and experimental studies of brain laterality. However, the paradigm of consonant-vowel syllables has not been thoroughly validated through a comparison with injections of amobarbital sodium (Amytal). OBJECTIVE To validate the DL test for hemisphere dominance(More)
OBJECTIVE The Bergen Child Study is a longitudinal study of child mental health from the city of Bergen, Norway. We present methods and results from the first wave of the study, focusing on prevalence of disorders, associations with risk factors, and the use of services. METHOD The target population included all 9,430 children attending grades 2 to 4 in(More)
The main purpose of the present study was to: 1) to investigate differences between males and females in brain activation when performing a mental rotation task, 2) investigate hemisphere differences in brain activation during mental rotation. Brain activation was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Image acquisition was performed(More)
Resting state fMRI studies have found that cognitive decline in aging is associated with alterations in functional connectivity of distributed neural systems in the brain. While functional connections have been shown to rely on the underlying structural connectivity, direct structural connections have been studied in only a few distributed cortical systems(More)
The apolipoprotein (APOE) ε4 allele is a strong genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intrinsic fluctuations of brain activity measured by fMRI during rest may be sensitive to AD-related neuropathology. In particular, functional connectivity of the default-mode network (DMN) has gained recent attention as a possible biomarker of disease(More)
In the present study, we investigated age-related changes in interactions between efficiency of neuronal repair mechanisms and efficiency of cholinergic neurotransmission in the context of attentional orienting. In addition, we explored white matter volume changes as possible neuronal underpinnings. A sample of 230 healthy middle-aged (53-64 years) and(More)
Imaging research into age-related changes in episodic memory has mainly focused on changes in cortical areas in the medial temporal lobe and the hippocampus. However, several lines of evidence indicate that subcortical structures such as the basal ganglia and the thalamus are also involved in episodic memory function. Recent studies have revealed(More)
Cortical surface area has tremendously expanded during human evolution, and similar patterns of cortical expansion have been observed during childhood development. An intriguing hypothesis is that the high-expanding cortical regions also show the strongest correlations with intellectual function in humans. However, we do not know how the regional(More)
It has been suggested that symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is related to low dopamine levels in the prefrontal cortex. The enzyme catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT), which degrades dopamine and other catecholamines, is important for monoamine signaling in this brain-region, but genetic studies of the functional Val158Met(More)