Assunta De Luca

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BACKGROUND After the introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapies, data from AIDS surveillance systems are less useful to describe the HIV epidemic, while HIV surveillance could give more detailed information to provide data for HIV prevention and care programmes. We report the results of the HIV surveillance system update in Lazio, Italy,(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency Clinical Pathways (ECP) for stroke have never been tested in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of an ECP for stroke patients in Latium (Italy) emergency system. METHODS cluster-RCT designed to compare stroke patient referrals by Emergency Medical Service (EMS) and Emergency Room (ER) health(More)
BACKGROUND Early interventions proved to be able to improve prognosis in acute stroke patients. Prompt identification of symptoms, organised timely and efficient transportation towards appropriate facilities, become essential part of effective treatment. The implementation of an evidence based pre-hospital stroke care pathway may be a method for achieving(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is a basic component of the assessment of patients with acute stroke. To foster and standardize the use of the NIHSS among Italian health professionals, we translated the scale, dubbed into Italian the training and test videotapes devised by the National Institutes of Health(More)
BACKGROUND Timely reperfusion therapies (primary angioplasty and pre-hospital thrombolysis) remain a key component in improving the survival of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The Lazio Region emergency organization has a complex mixed logistic (the large city of Rome, presence of complex orography), therefore the use of(More)
The use of hospital discharge abstracts in estimating the outcome of hospital care represents an ongoing interest in public health. However standardized methodologies are still not available. We carried out a retrospective study to estimate the association between demographic and clinical characteristics and in-hospital mortality after stroke by using(More)
BACKGROUND An educational intervention for HAI prevention based on a combination of training, motivation and subsequent application in the current clinical practice in an Italian teaching hospital. METHODS In 2015-2016 a pilot mandatory training on HAI targeted to HCWs was organized in the 450 bed teaching hospital Sant'Andrea in Rome. By adopting the(More)
Health care workers (HCW) are particularly at risk of acquiring tuberculosis (TB), even in countries with low TB incidence. Therefore, TB screening in HCW is a useful prevention strategy in countries with both low and high TB incidence. Tuberculin skin test (TST) is widely used although it suffers of low specificity; on the contrary, the in vitro enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare acquired infections (HAI) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitals worldwide. Aim of the study was to analyze nine years surveillance activity, carried out by point prevalence surveys from 2007 to 2015, in a 450-bed teaching hospital in Rome. METHODS Point prevalence surveys were carried out every year in the(More)