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We have investigated the role of the C-terminal of the alpha-subunit in the insulin receptor family by characterizing chimeric mini-receptor constructs comprising the first three domains (468 amino acids) of insulin receptor (IR) or insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGFIR) combined with C-terminal domain from either insulin receptor (IR) (residues(More)
Insulin receptor (IR) and insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) are both from the same subgroup of receptor tyrosine kinases that exist as covalently bound receptor dimers at the cell surface. For both IR and IGF-IR, the most described forms are homodimer receptors. However, hybrid receptors consisting of one-half IR and one-half IGF-IR are also(More)
Alanine scanning mutagenesis has been used to identify specific side chains of insulin which strongly influence binding to the insulin receptor. A total of 21 new insulin analog constructs were made, and in addition 7 high pressure liquid chromatography-purified analogs were tested, covering alanine substitutions in positions B1, B2, B3, B4, B8, B9, B10,(More)
We obtained 20 mouse monoclonal antibodies specific for human type I insulin-like growth factor (IGF) receptors, using transfected cells expressing high levels of receptors (IGF-1R/3T3 cells) as immunogen. The antibodies immunoprecipitated receptor.125I-IGF-I complexes and biosynthetically labeled receptors from IGF-1R/3T3 cells but did not react with human(More)
To identify the region(s) of the insulin receptor and the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptor responsible for ligand specificity (high-affinity binding), expression vectors encoding soluble chimeric insulin/IGF-I receptors were prepared. The chimeric receptors were expressed in mammalian cells and partially purified. Binding studies revealed that(More)
Cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) is a newly discovered hypothalamic peptide with a potent appetite suppressing activity following intracerebroventricular administration. When the mature rat CART sequence encoding CART(1-102) was inserted in the yeast expression plasmid three CART peptides could be purified from the fermentation broth(More)
1. To investigate the structure/function relationship of the interaction between ligand and receptor in the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and insulin receptor systems we have prepared and characterized a single-chain insulin/IGF-I hybrid. The single-chain hybrid consists of the insulin molecule combined with the C domain of IGF-I. The single-chain(More)
We have previously shown, using truncated soluble recombinant receptors, that substituting the 62 N-terminal amino acids of the alpha subunit from the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGFIR) with the corresponding 68 amino acids from the insulin receptor (IR) results in a chimeric receptor with an approximately 200-fold increase in affinity for(More)
Insulin and the insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) bind with high affinity to their cognate receptor and with lower affinity to the noncognate receptor. The major structural difference between insulin and the IGFs is that the IGFs are single chain polypeptides containing A-, B-, C-, and D-domains, whereas the insulin molecule contains separate A- and(More)
To evaluate the possible relationship between N-linked glycosylation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-factor pro-peptide and transport of the alpha-factor pro-peptide/insulin precursor fusion protein through the Saccharomyces cerevisiae secretory pathway, we analysed secretion of insulin precursor facilitated by alpha-factor pro-peptides with one or(More)