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BACKGROUND Adequate antiretroviral drug potency is essential for obtaining therapeutic benefit, however, the behavioral aspects of proper adherence and readiness to medication, often determine therapeutic outcome. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level and determinants of nonadherence and nonreadiness to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide (NO) is essential for host defense in rodents, but the role of NO during tuberculosis (TB) in man remains controversial. However, earlier observations that arginine supplementation facilitates anti-TB treatment, supports the hypothesis that NO is important in the host defense against TB. Local production of NO measured in fractional(More)
BACKGROUND Areas endemic of helminth infection, tuberculosis (TB) and HIV are to a large extent overlapping. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of asymptomatic helminth infection on the immunological response among TB patients with and without HIV, their house hold contacts and community controls. METHODOLOGY Consecutive smear positive TB(More)
INTRODUCTION Abdominal pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy with very high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. A high index of suspicion is crucial for prompt diagnosis and management especially in low-resource countries. CASE PRESENTATION A 32-year-old gravida III para II Amhara woman presented with shortness of breath and progressive(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension, being the root cause of many of the body sytem and organs failure, remains to be a major public health challenge globally. Though the problem is huge in both developed and developing countries, data are scarce in developing countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the magnitude and associated factors of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and associated factors among HIV-infected adults in northwest Ethiopia. DESIGN Hospital-based cross-sectional study. SETTING HIV clinic of the University of Gondar Hospital, Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS All HIV-infected adults who visited the HIV clinic from December 2013 to the end of February(More)
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