Assar Bäckman

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A series of controlled expression vectors was constructed based on the wide-host-range plasmid pMMB66EH. Some of these new vectors code for the alpha-peptide of beta-galactosidase and allow the direct screening of recombinant clones by inactivation of alpha-complementation. The bla gene was replaced in some plasmids by the cat gene of Tn9 coding for(More)
Drug metabolism studies in the early phases of drug discovery and development will improve the selection of new chemical entities that will be successful in clinical trials. To meet the expanding demands for these studies on the numerous chemicals generated through combinatorial chemistry, we have heterologously expressed nine human drug-metabolizing(More)
The cDNA encoding human stratum corneum chymotryptic enzyme (SCCE); an epidermal serine-proteinase which was recently purified from human stratum corneum, was isolated from a keratinocyte derived library. The obtained nucleotide sequence contained an open reading frame sufficient to encode a preproprotein consisting of 253 amino acid residues. Expression of(More)
Virulent Yersinia species possess a common plasmid that encodes essential virulence determinants (Yops) which are regulated by the extracellular stimuli Ca2+ and temperature. The V antigen operon was recently shown to be involved in the Ca2(+)-regulated negative pathway (A. Forsberg and H. Wolf-Watz, Mol. Microbiol. 2:121-133, 1988). We show here that the V(More)
We further characterize a novel plasmid function preventing SOS induction called Psi (Plasmid SOS Inhibition). We show that Psi function is expressed by psiB, a gene located at coordinate 54.9 of plasmid R6-5 and near oriT, the origin of conjugal transfer. Deletions and amber mutations of the psiB gene permitted us to demonstrate that PsiB polypeptide(More)
Human stratum corneum chymotryptic enzyme (SCCE) may play a central part in epidermal homeostasis. Its proposed function is to catalyze the degradation of intercellular structures, including desmosomes, in the stratum corneum as part of the desquamation process. In order to facilitate physiologic and pathophysiologic studies on SCCE we have looked for the(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that stimulates feeding and increases body weight in rodents. We studied the role of the system in energy homeostasis and its regulation by the satiety signals, leptin and insulin. We used real-time PCR to measure the hypothalamic expression of MCH and its receptor (MCHR1) in two contrasting(More)
Identification of tissue-specific mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of inflammatory skin diseases could offer new possibilities to develop effective therapies with fewer systemic effects. The serine protease stratum corneum chymotryptic enzyme is preferentially expressed in cornifying epithelia. We have previously reported on increased expression(More)
The adherence of pyelonephritic Escherichia coli isolates to mammalian host cells is mediated by the P-pili structures on the bacterial surface. The protein constituting the distal part of the pili structure, papG, interacts with glycan receptors on the host cell. Variation in specificity for different glycoconjugates between the isolates, that may reflect(More)
PsiB protein of plasmid R6-5 inhibits the induction of the SOS pathway. The F sex factor also carries a psiB gene homologous to that of R6-5. Yet, it fails to inhibit SOS induction. In order to solve this difference, we characterized the psiB genes of R6-5 and F. We found that (i) the sequences of the two psiB genes share extensive homology the predicted(More)