Asparouh I Iliev

Learn More
Innate immune cells express toll-like receptor-9 (TLR9) and respond to unmethylated, CG dinucleotide motif-rich DNA released from bacteria during infection or endogenous cells during autoimmune tissue injury. Oligonucleotides containing CG dinucleotide (CpG-DNA) mimic the effect of unmethylated DNA and stimulate TLR9. CpG-DNA was cytotoxic to neurons in(More)
The interaction of endogenous and exogenous stimulators of innate immunity was examined in primary cultures of mouse microglial cells and macrophages after application of defined Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists [lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (TLR4), the synthetic lipopeptide Pam3Cys-Ser-Lys4 (Pam3Cys) (TLR2) and single-stranded unmethylated CpG-DNA (CpG)(More)
The Streptococcus pneumoniae toxin pneumolysin belongs to the group of cholesterol-dependent cytolysins. It produces rapid cell lysis at higher concentrations or apoptosis at lower concentrations. In cell membranes, it forms prepores and pores. Here, we show that sublytic concentrations of pneumolysin produce rapid activation of Rho and Rac GTPases and(More)
Aggregated and highly phosphorylated tau protein is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. We identified motifs of alternating polar and apolar amino acids within the microtubule-binding repeats of tau which were interrupted by small breaking stretches. Minimal mutation of these breaking sequences yielded a unique(More)
The mechanism of axonal injury in inflammatory brain diseases is still unclear. Increased microglial production of nitric oxide (NO) is a common early sign in neuroinflammatory diseases. We found by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy that synaptophysin tagged with enhanced green fluorescence protein (synaptophysin-EGFP) moves anterogradely in axons of(More)
Different cholinomimetics are used in conditions of CNS acetylcholine (ACh) deficit. In this study, we examined the effect of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor galanthamine in a prolonged alcohol intake model of ACh deficit in male Wistar rats. After 16 weeks of alcohol intake and a 2-week pause, rats administered galanthamine (2.5 mg/kg/day i.p.) showed(More)
Transient forebrain ischaemia is widely observed in clinical practice. We have examined the effect of a single administration of the cholinesterase inhibitor galanthamine (2mg kg(-1) i.p.) 25 min after reperfusion in male Sprague-Dawley rats (180 +/- 20 g) after a 20-min common carotid artery occlusion. Twenty-four-hours post-ischaemia there was no(More)
The directionality of axonal transport represents an important question in neurophysiological and neuropathological research. Various approaches such as videomicroscopy, radioisotopic and fluorescence-based techniques are used. Recently, a novel FRAP-based (fluorescent recovery after photobleaching) technique using synaptophysin-EGFP expression in primary(More)
There are many animal models for studying different aspects of neurodegeneration. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injected in rats intracerebroventricularly induces neuroinflammation quite similar to the inflammatory component of chronic neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. We used this model to examine the effect of estradiol on(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common pathogen that causes various infections, such as sepsis and meningitis. A major pathogenic factor of S. pneumoniae is the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin, pneumolysin. It produces cell lysis at high concentrations and apoptosis at lower concentrations. We have shown that sublytic amounts of pneumolysin induce small(More)