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Midline episiotomy is a known major risk factor for severe perineal lacerations. The study was aimed to define obstetric risk factors for third-degree perineal tears in a university medical center where midline episiotomies are not performed. A comparison between vaginal deliveries complicated with third-degree perineal tears and deliveries without(More)
Immediate neonatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by placenta previa is largely dependent on gestational age. We aimed to investigate whether placenta previa increases the risk for perinatal mortality and immediate morbidity of the offspring born at term. A population-based cohort study included all singleton pregnancies, with and without placenta(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of perineal stretching on perineal damage during vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN Patients at term in active labor were included. Perineal length was measured during the active phase, second stage and 24 hours postpartum. Perineal damage was assessed before repair and 24 hours postpartum. RESULTS Three hundred women were(More)
OBJECTIVE Women are often exposed to various medications and medical conditions during pregnancy. Unrealistically high maternal teratogenic risk perception, related to these exposures, may lead to abrupt discontinuation of therapy and (or) termination of a wanted pregnancy. The association between maternal depression and the teratogenic risk perception has(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify trends and risk factors for early surgical site infection (SSI) following cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS A population-based study comparing characteristics of women who have and have not developed post cesarean SSI was conducted. Deliveries occurred between the years 1988 and 2013 in a tertiary medical center. A multivariable(More)
The rapidly growing rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among women has prompted many challenging issues related to the management and consequences of HIV and its complications in this population. This paper reviews the current evidence with regard to various aspects of HIV infection in women. Special emphasis is placed on(More)
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions presenting in early childhood with a prevalence ranging from 0.7% to 2.64%. Social interaction and communication skills are impaired and children often present with unusual repetitive behavior. The condition persists for life with major implications for the(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the existing literature regarding the effect of multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids in reducing the occurrence of complications arising because of lung immaturity. DATA SOURCES A systematic review of the English-language literature was conducted using a computerized database. We searched the English-language human and animal(More)
To evaluate the management policy of delivery in a suspected macrosomic fetus and to describe the outcome of this policy. For this prospective observational study we followed the management by reviewing the medical records of 145 women and their infants. The study population included women at term admitted to the obstetrics department with suspected(More)
To examine the course and outcome of deliveries occurring in women who previously experienced shoulder dystocia. In addition, recurrent shoulder dystocia risk factors were assessed. A retrospective cohort analysis comparing all singleton deliveries with and without shoulder dystocia in their preceding delivery was conducted. Independent predictors of(More)