Asma'a Ahmad

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Opportunistic networks (OppNets) are an interesting topic that are seen to have a promising future. Many protocols have been developed to accommodate the features of OppNets such as frequent partitions, long delays, and no end-to-end path between the source and destination nodes. Embedding security into these protocols is challenging and has taken a lot of(More)
Security is a major challenge in Opportunistic Networks (OppNets) due to its characteristics of being an open medium with dynamic topology, there is neither a centralized management nor clear lines of defence. A packet dropping attack is one of the major security threats in OppNets as neither source nodes nor destination nodes have any knowledge of when or(More)
Opportunistic Networks (OppNets) are exposed to a variety of attacks, among them are packet dropping attacks. The security challenges in OppNets is to effectively and securely forward data and guarantee their delivery without any loss. Security and trust in OppNets have gained popularity in research because of their inherent features, including frequent(More)
Packet integrity or modification attacks commonly happen in Opportunistic Networks (OppNets). In this paper, we propose a technique that uses Merkle trees to protect the integrity of the packets transferred in a network. When adopting the technique in an OppNet, nodes will be able to verify that data transferred from node to node is received unchanged and(More)
Opportunistic Networks aim to set a reliable networks where the nodes has no end-to-end connection and the communication links often suffer from frequent disruption and long delays. The design of the OppNets routing protocols is facing a serious challenges such as the protection of the data confidentiality and integrity. OppNets exploit the characteristics(More)
Routing and security management in Opportunistic Networks is challenging, where effective and secure forwarding of data delivery without any loss is not easy to guarantee. Packet dropping attacks are one of the most popular attacks that OppNets are exposed to. This paper presents an efficient malicious path, malicious node, and a packet dropping detection(More)
Security is a major challenge in Opportunistic Networks because of its characteristics, such as open medium, dynamic topology, no centralized management and absent clear lines of defense. A packet dropping attack is one of the major security threats in OppNets since neither source nodes nor destination nodes have the knowledge of where or when the packet(More)
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