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BACKGROUND Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the second most common type of presenile dementia and can be distinguished into various clinical variants. The identification of MAPT and GRN defects and the discovery of the TDP-43 protein in FTD have led to the classification of pathologic and genetic subtypes. In addition to these genetic subtypes, there exist(More)
Frontotemporal dementia is accompanied by motor neuron disease (FTD + MND) in approximately 10% of cases. There is accumulating evidence for a clinicopathological overlap between FTD and MND based on observations of familial aggregation and neuropathological findings of ubiquitin-positive neuronal cytoplasmatic inclusions (NCI) in lower motor neurons,(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is a clinically, genetically and pathologically heterogeneous disorder. Within FTLD with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U), a new pathological subtype named FTLD-FUS was recently found with fused in sarcoma (FUS) positive, TDP-43-negative inclusions, and striking atrophy of the caudate nucleus. The aim of this(More)
Frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 have been associated with mutations in the microtubule associated protein tau (MAPT or tau) gene. This disorder is characterized by a large spectrum of neuronal and glial tau lesions in different brain regions. Pick bodies were found in a family with hereditary Pick's disease with the G272V(More)
Mutations in the progranulin (PGRN) gene have recently been identified in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin inclusions linked to chromosome 17q21. We report here the finding of two novel frameshift mutations and three possible pathogenic missense mutations in the PGRN gene. Furthermore, we determined the frequency of PGRN mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT). A nonsignificant trend for positive family history has been observed in two case-control studies and several pedigrees with familial clustering of parkinsonism have been described.(More)
Tau mutations in frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17) are associated with changes in alternative splicing of exon 10. The DeltaK280 mutation in exon 10 is exceptional because in vitro observations suggest a dramatic effect on microtubule binding, enhanced self-aggregation, as well as a decrease of the 4R/3R ratio by the(More)
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