Askandar Tjokroprawiro

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BACKGROUND The aim of the present prospective observational study was to assess the tolerability and antihyperglycemic efficacy of metformin extended-release (MXR) in the routine treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) from six Asian countries. METHODS Data from 3556 patients treated with once-daily MXR for 12 weeks, or until(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is associated with mishandling of thiamine in the kidney and development of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study is to assess the disturbance of thiamine and other B-vitamin status of patients with type 2 diabetes in Indonesia. METHODS One hundred and fifteen patients with type 2 diabetes with and without microalbuminuria or(More)
Aim: To collect information on diabetes management, diabetes complications, and awareness of self-control in diabetic population of the country. This study also evaluated the physician perspectives, psychological aspects, and quality of life of diabetic patients. Methods: This was a non-interventional, cross-sectional study, which recruited 1832 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Primary aim: does general practitioner (GP) education on type 2 diabetes treatment improve HbA1c? Secondary aim: cardiovascular risk factors, hypoglycaemia, treatment intensification, health service utilisation, treatment barriers. METHODS 99 Asia-Pacific GPs were cluster-randomised to be educated on regional diabetes management guidelines(More)
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activate Receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. The three PPARs (alpha, beta/delta, and gamma) are distributed differently in the different organs. PPARalpha is most common in the liver, but also found in kidney, gut, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, while PPARbeta/delta, is(More)
A comparative study, using a crossover design, was carried out on 260-well controlled diabetic out- patients to investigate the metabolic effects of the A (50% cal carbohydrate, 30% cal fat, and 20% cal protein) and the B-diets (Study I), since the adherence of diabetic patients to the A-diet is very poor, and uncontrolled diabetes ensues. In Indonesian(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress in atherosclerosis produces H2O2 and triggers the activation of nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-κB) and increase of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The formation of vasa vasorum occurs in atherosclerosis. Vasa vasorum angiogenesis is mediated by VEGFR-1 and upregulated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). The newly(More)
BackgroundDLBS3233, a combined bioactive fraction of Cinnamomum burmanii and Lagerstroemia speciosa, has preclinically demonstrated its beneficial effects on glucose and lipid metabolism through the upregulation of insulin-signal transduction. This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of an add-on therapy with DLBS3233 in type-2 diabetes mellitus subjects(More)
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We assessed peripheral and autonomic nerve function in 27 diabetics. Ten had malnutrition-related diabetes mellitus (MRDM), eight insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), and nine non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The frequency of peripheral neuropathy was 70, 78 and 13% in MRDM, NIDDM and IDDM respectively. Furthermore, the frequency of(More)