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piggyBac is a short inverted-repeat-type DNA transposable element originally isolated from the genome of the moth Trichoplusia ni. It is currently the gene vector of choice for the transformation of various insect species. A few sequences with similarity to piggyBac have previously been identified from organisms such as humans ( Looper), the pufferfish(More)
The elastic response of flexible polymers made of elements which can be either folded or unfolded, having different lengths in these two states, is discussed. These situations are common for biopolymers as a result of folding interactions intrinsic to the monomers, or as a result of binding of other smaller molecules along the polymer length. Using simple(More)
Japanese encephalitis (JE), a neurotrophic disease, was first recorded in the state of West Bengal, India in 1973. Since then JE is being reported every year from different districts. With a view to identify the JE cases accurately, a study was undertaken to detect the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) as the etiologic agent from the acute encephalitis(More)
We report the identification of genomic sequences in various anopheline mosquitoes (family Culicidae: suborder Nematocera: order Diptera) showing homology to the class II, short inverted-terminal-repeat (ITR) transposable element P from Drosophila melanogaster (family Drosophilidae; suborder Brachycera: order Diptera). Anopheles gambiae appears to have at(More)
BACKGROUND Image-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been proposed as an efficacious local therapy for lung metastases in nonsurgical candidates. Reports of long-term outcome from this treatment have been limited. METHODS A prospective open-labeled trial of RFA was initiated in November 2000 for treatment of lung metastases in(More)
BACKGROUND SN-38, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin, is a biologically active metabolite of irinotecan. Its poor solubility restricted its development as an anticancer agent. We have developed an easy-to-use liposome-entrapped SN-38 (LE-SN38) and evaluated its toxicology, pharmacokinetics and antitumor efficacy profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS Toxicity and(More)
The effect of carrot extract on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver damage was evaluated. The increased serum enzyme levels (viz., glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, glutamate pyruvate transaminase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, sorbitol and glutamate dehydrogenase) by CCl4-induction were significantly lowered due to(More)
Experiments on single DNA molecules have shown that abrupt transitions between states of different extensions can be driven by stretching and twisting. Here we show how a simple statistical-mechanical model can be used to globally fit experimental force-extension data of Léger et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1066 (1999)], over a wide range of DNA molecule(More)
Induction of cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses is an important defense mechanism against infectious agents, specifically viruses. In the present investigation we employed a mouse assay system we previously developed, for rapid induction of CTLs by synthetic peptides from E6 and E7 oncoproteins of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16). In particular, we(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have clearly established that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the major risk factor for cervical cancer. Most cervical cancers and pre-cancers are HPV-positive. Not all pre-cancers progress to cancer; a significant number regress. The immunological basis for either spontaneous or treatment-mediated recovery from(More)